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Flashcards in Diet And Exercise Deck (21):
1




WHY DO WE NEED A BALANCED DIET

we need a balanced diet to maintain good health

2




NAME THE 6 MAIN FOOD TYPES

• carbohydrates
• fats
• protein
• vitamins
• minerals
• fibres

3




HOW DO CARBOHYDRATES HELP? Give an example of types of food contains this

• pasta, cereals, potatoes

It provides quick energy, 60% of our diet should comprise "carbs"

4




HOW DO FATS HELP?
give an example of what food this is found in

• oils, dairy products, nuts, fish

It provides slow energy, 25% of our diet should be fat

5




HOW DO PROTEINS HELP?
give an example of what food it is found

• meat, pulses and fish

Builds and repairs muscles we only need 15% of our diet to be protein

6




HOW DO VITAMINS HELP?
give an example

• fresh vegetables and fruit

Helps the body work, it helps concentration

A - for vision
B - energy production and stress reduction
C - to keep skin healthy
D - to help bones and teeth

7




HOW DO MINERALS HELP
Give an example of where it is found

• fruit, vegetables and fish

Helps release energy from food. It helps decision making

E.g
Calcium to strengthen bones
Iodine for energy production
Iron prevents fatigue

8




HOW DO FIBRES HELP
Give examples of where it is found

• fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grain cereals

Can't be digested and fills you up and keeps you "regular"

9




WHAT IS A BALANCED DIET

A diet that contains the proper proportions of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitals and minerals necessary to maintain good health

10




WHAT IS MALNUTRITION

Malnutrition or malnourishment is a condition that results from eating a diet in which nutrients aren't enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problem

11




HOW MIGHT MALNUTRITION HAPPEN
cause, medical, social

Cause — inadequate diet or problems absorbing nutrients from food

Medical conditions — a condition that caused a lack of appetite such as cancer and liver disease
Mental health conditions such as depression which may affect your ability to look after yourself

social factors — limited knowledge

12




MEDICAL CONSEQUENCES OF MALNUTRITION

• Rickets - too little Vitamin D in your diet will lead to this, improper growth of skeleton

• Type 2 diabetes

• Respiratory failure

• Organ failure

• Fertility problems

13




CONSEQUENCES OF MALNUTRITION (WEIGHT)

Too little food would result in a person being underweight

Too much food would result in a person become over weight

14




WHAT IS BODY MASS?

If someone's diet consists of food with lower energy content than the amount of energy their body uses, the person will lose body mass

15




WHAT IS METABOLIC RATE

The metabolic rate is the speed at which such chemical reactions take place in the body

16




WHAT FACTORS VARY METABOLIC RATE

- age
- gender
- inherited factors

Also

Proportion of muscle to fat in the body
Amount of exercise and other physical activity

17




WHAT IS RESPIRATION

Respiration is a chemical reaction that allows cells to release energy from food

18




WHEN IS METABOLIC RATE INCREASED

The metabolic rate increases as we exercise and stays higher for a while after.

People who exercise are usually healthier than those who don't

19



HOW DOES CHOLESTEROL LEVELS IN THE BLOOD AFFECT HEALTH

Cholesterol is made in the liver and is needed for healthy cell membranes

• too much cholesterol in the blood increases the risk of heart disease and diseased arteries

20




WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PEOPLE WHO EXERCISE REGULARLY

• reduces the risk of major illnesses such as heart disease, strokes and type 2 diabetes by 50%

• helps you manage your weight

• reduces high blood pressure

21




EFFECTS OF PEOPLE WHO DON'T EXERCISE

• low metabolic rate

• higher risk of diabetes