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DEMS Unit 2 Part 2 > Dietary Guidelines > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dietary Guidelines Deck (20):
1

Which recommendation was first to include physical activity?

'05-'11 My Pyramid

Way too complicated though

2

What do we have today for a recommendation picture?

My Plate

3

Do DGA have an impact on consumers?

-

4

New Aspects of DGA-2010

- Consider "total diet" and how to integrate recommendations into practical terms
- Encourage personal choice but result in "nutrient dense and calorie balanced"
- Address broader environmental and social aspects crucial to adoption

5

Major findings of DGA

- Reduce prevalence of obesity by decreasing caloric intake and increasing physical activity
- Inc. plant based diet
- Dec. SoFAS, Na, and refined grains
- Meet 2008 physical activity guidelines

6

Barriers to success of DGA

1. Involve all sectors of society
2. Includes focus on children
3. Strategies to help Americans change diets and physical activity

7

Sustainable changes recommended

- Improve nutrition literacy and cooking skills
- Comprehensive education programs
- Financial incentives for recommended diet
- Affordable and environmentally sustainable production of F/V and whole grains
- Encourage restaurants & food industry to limit the bad things
- Implement the US Nat'l Physical Activity Plan

8

What does mindful indicate?

- Don't eat when not hungry
- Don't snack

9

Energy balance & wt management

- Macronutrient (fat, carb, etc) distribution is not the driving force behind obesity
- Overconsumption of calories is key
- Energy density of foods is important
- Subgroups focused on: maternal obesity, older ow/ob adults
- Behaviors: eating out, TV, decreased portions, self-monitoring, including calorie requirements & calorie content of foods; mindful eating

10

Top 5 energy sources in US diet

1. Desserts
2. Yeast Breads
3. Chicken
4. Soda
5. Pizza

11

Adult and children beverage sources

Adults:
1. Alcohol
2. Soda
3. Fruit Juice
4. Coffee/tea

Children:
1. Milk
2. Soda
3. Fruit Juice

400 kcal/day for each group; kids get more %-wise from drinks of total calories

12

Nutrient adequacy

- Vit D, Ca, K, Fiber
- Folate & iron for women of reproductive age
- Elderly: B-12

Supplements do not offer health benefits to healthy Americans

Men have reduced cancer incidence and no effect for women (no clear benefit or harm)

13

Fatty Acids & Cholesterol guidelines

- limit saturated fatty acids to

14

Protein & CHO

- lower calorie diets; increase % protein intake
- decrease energy-dense carbohydrates
- Low fat & fat free milk = nutrient dense CHO

15

Intent and concerns with My Plate

Intent:
- family meals
- visual cues: F/V, grains, low-fat dairy

Concerns:
- Dinner > other meals
- Combo foods?
- no portions
- not total daily diet

16

DASH diet

Emphasizes: F/V, low-fat dairy, whole grains, poultry, fish & nuts

Small amounts of red meat, sweets & sugar containing beverages; total fat (27%) and sat fat (6%)

17

Mediterranean diet

Emphasis on:
- breads and cereals
- fruits and veggies
- nuts
- increased olive oil
- fish; limited sat fat, meats, full fat dairy

18

Two Rules for a Good Diet

1. Stop eating junk & hyper-processed food
2. Eat more plants than you did yesterday

19

4 major findings of DGA

1. decreased caloric intake, increased exercise
2. Increased plant-based diet
3. Increased seafood & low fat milk
4. Decreased SoFAS, Na, ,and refined grains

20

Expected changes for 2015 DGA

1. Fat: no quantity, focus on quality; no cholesterol limitation
2. Low glycemic load/GI
3. Healthy pattern
4. Sustainable diets are controversial