Diets and feeding tubes Flashcards Preview

EMS 2 > Diets and feeding tubes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diets and feeding tubes Deck (12):
1

Parenteral diets- TPN

- Central line
- Inadequate oral intake for 7-14 days
- 3 in 1 mix of protein, carbs, fat
- High osmolarity

2

Parental diets- PPN

- Safer than TPN
- Poor gut fxn

3

Parental diets- PPN

- Safer than TPN
- Poor gut fxn

4

Regular diet

No restrictions

5

Soft diet

- Soft texture for dysphagia, esophagitis

6

Bland diet

- Non spicy, low fiber
- PUD, GERD, N/V GI surg

7

Low residue diet

- Reduce number of stools
- No milk, prunes
-

8

Clear liquid

- First diet returning from NPO
- Simple sugar and lytes
- Short periods

9

G tube

- Placed in stomach
- Undergoing open surgery, can't tolerate endoscopy
- Nutrition 6+ wks
- Feeding 4-6 x day
-

10

J tube

- Jejunum
- Poor gastric emptying
- Aspiration via reflx
- Continuous infusions

11

PEG tube

- Endoscopically placed G tube
- No anesthesia required
- Stomach decompression
- Not already undergoing open surgery

12

NG tube

- Short term feeding
- Through nostril to stomach
- Gastric lavage, decompression