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Flashcards in Surg terms Deck (22):
1

Laparotomy

Surgical opening of abdomen

2

Laparoscopy

Abdominal exploration with a endoscope

3

Anastomosis

Communication between two vessels- vein, artery or intestine

4

Lumpectomy

- Surgical removal of tumor and adjacent tissue
- Breast and lymph nodes

5

Z-plasty

Z shaped incision to relieve tension in scar tissue

6

Enterostomy

- Surgical opening into the GI tract
- Diversion of small bowel into another part of and wall or intestine

7

Fundoplication

Surgical correction of hiatal hernia with GI reflux
- Re-estabilishes gastroesophageal angle
Performed laparoscopically

8

Gastrectomy

Surgical removal of all or part of stomach

9

Colostomy

Opening of colon through abdominal wall to skin surface

10

Colectomy

Excision of all or part of colon

11

Hemi-colectomy

Surgical removal of half of less of the colon

12

Angioplasty

Reopening of narrowed blood vessel to restore blood flow

13

Annuloplasty

Surgical repair of ring shaped structure
- Heart valve or intervertebral disc

14

Endartectomy

- Surgical removal of the lining of an artery
- To remove plaques and narrowing

15

Craniectomy

- Opening of the skill and removal of portion
- Traumatic brain injury and stroke

16

Craniotomy

Incision through the brain to gain access to the brain

17

Thoracotomy

Surgical incision of the pleural space chest wall
- Access to heart, lungs and esophagus

18

Mediastinoscopy

- Endoscoptic examination of mediastinum
- Commonly for staging lymph nodes of lung cancer
- 1 cm above suprasternal notch

19

Bronchoscopy

Viewing of airway and lungs through scope

20

Pleurodesis

- Obliteration of pleural space to prevent recurrence of pneumothorax and pleural infusion
- Production of adhesions between parietal and visceral pleura

21

Pneumonectomy

- Removal of entire lung
- Lung cancer

22

Sphincterotomy

- Cutting of sphincter muscle
- Eye surgery, anal fissures