Differential Diagnosis: Premature Loss of Teeth Flashcards Preview

Oral Pathology Exam 4 > Differential Diagnosis: Premature Loss of Teeth > Flashcards

Flashcards in Differential Diagnosis: Premature Loss of Teeth Deck (14):
1

  • No cementum on roots for PDL to attach, can't hold the teeth in
  • Unexplained loss of deciduous teeth

Hypophosphatasia

2

What is the Diagnostic Blood Test for Hypophosphatasia?

  • Decreased alkaline phosphatase
  • Increased urinary ethanolamine

3

  • No or short roots 
  • Crowns look normal 
  • Little of no detectable pulp

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Dentinal Dysplasia Type I

4

What is the etiology of Dentinal Dysplasia Type I?

Autosomal Dominant

5

Pulp horns that go up to DEJ - easily exposed during preparation.

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Vitamin D Resistant Ricketts

"Hypophosphatemia"

6

What are the lab values for Hypophosphatemia?

Lowered serum phosphate 

  • kidney can't absorb phosphate, so it leaks out and the bones can't form normally

7

What is the etiology of Vitamin D Resistant Ricketts?

X-linked Dominant

Males affected more severely 

8

  • Rare form of external root resorption, starting at the CEJ
  • Crown of tooth falls off

Idiopathic Multiple Cervical Resorption

9

What population is affected by Idiopathic Multiple Cervical Resorption?

Young, healthy, females

10

What condition causes the premature lose of deciduous teeth and the early eruption of permanent teeth?

Hyperthyroidism

11

  • Characteristic oral ulcerations, with severe bone loss, gingival recession and tooth mobility

Agranulocytosis Neutropenia

12

  • Accelerated periodontitis due to neutrophil dysfunction 
  • Hyperkeratosis of palms and soles 

Papillon Le-Fevre Sx

13

What is the inheritence pattern of Papillon Le-Fevre Sx?

Autosomal Recessive

14

What periodontal problems are associated with Scurvy?

Swollen, extremely hemorrhagic gingiva, with loose teeth