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Flashcards in digestive Deck (58):
1

amebic dysentery

an intestinal disorder caused by a parasite

2

anastomosis

a surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures

3

anorexia nervosa

an eating disorder characterized by a false perception of body appearance

4

antiemetic

medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting

5

aphthous ulcers

grey-white pits with a red border in the soft tissues lining the mouth; also known as canker sores or mouth ulcers

6

ascites

an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

7

bariatrics

the branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of obesity and associated diseases

8

borborygmus

borborygmus the rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intestine

9

botulism

food poisoning characterized by paralysis and often death; caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum

10

bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting

11

cachexia

a condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS

12

cheilosis

a disorder of the lips characterized by crack-like sores at the corners of the mouth

13

cholangiography

a radiographic examination of the bile ducts with the use of a contrast medium

14

cholangitis

an acute infection of the bile duct

15

cholecystalgia

pain in the gallbladder

16

cholecystectomy

surgical removal of the gallbladder

17

cholecyctitis

inflammation of the gallbladder associated with gall stones

18

choledocholithotomy

an incision into the common bile duct for the removal of gallstones

19

cholelithiasis

presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile duct

20

cholera

severe diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera

21

cirrhosis

progressive degeneration of the liver

22

colonoscopy

colonoscopy the direct visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon from the rectum to the cecum

23

aerophagia

the excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is a common cause of gas in the stomach

24

hyperemesis

extreme, persistent vomiting that can cause dehydration

25

ileus

the partial or complete blockage of the small and/or large intestine

26

inguinal hernia

the protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin

27

jaundice

a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes

28

melena

passage of black, tarry, and foul smelling stools

29

morbid obesity

diseased state 3 times more than the ideal weight

30

nasogastric intubation

placement of a feeding tube through the nose into the stomach

31

obesity

excessive accumulation of fat in body

32

periodontium

consists of bones and hard tissue that surround and support teeth

33

peristalsis

series of wave life contractions of the smooth muscle

34

proctopexy

surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ

35

regurgitation

the returning of swallowed food to the mouth

36

salmonellosis

infectious disease of intestines that is transmitted by food contaminated with feces

37

sigmoidoscopy

endoscopic examination of interior rectum and sigmoid colon

38

stomatorrhagia

described bleeding from mouth

39

trismus

describes any restriction to opening of mouth

40

ulceration colitis

chronic condition of unknown cause which is repeated episodes of inflammation of rectum

41

volvulus

twisting of the intestine on itself

42

xerostomia

dry mouth

43

diverticulosis

small pouches preset in the colon

44

dyspepsia

indigestion

45

dyphagia

difficulty in swallowing

46

eyes is

vomit

47

enteritis

inflammation of the small intestine

48

wry ration

belching

49

esophageal varices

enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus

50

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

endoscopic procedure looking at the upper GI tract esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum

51

gastroduodenostomy

removal of the pylorus

52

gastroesophageal reflux disease

upward flow of stomach acid

53

gastrostomy tube

surgically placed feeding tube from exterior of body into stomach

54

hematemesis

vomitting blood

55

hemoccult test

lab test for hidden blood in stool

56

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

57

herpes labialis

cold sores

58

hiatal hernia

part of the stomach protrudes through opening in diaphragm