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Flashcards in special senses Deck (55):
1

amblyopia

A dimness of vision or the partial loss of sight especially in one eye without detectable disease of the eye

2

ametropia

any error of refraction in which images do not focus properly on the retina

3

anisocoria

A condition in which the pupils are unequal in size

4

astigmatism

A condition in which the eye does not focus properly because of uneven curvatures of the cornea

5

barotrauma

pressure related ear discomfort that can be caused by pressure changing when flying driving in the mountains scuba diving or when Eustachian tubes are blocked

6

blepharoptosis

drooping of the upper eyelid that is usually due to paralysis

7

cataract

The loss of transparency of the lens that causes the progressive loss of visual clarity

8

chalazion

A localized swelling inside the eyelid resulting from obstruction within the sebaceous gland

9

cochlear implant

and implanted electronic device that can you give a deaf person a useful auditory understanding of the environment or hearing and help them to understand speech

10

conjunctivitis

and inflammation of the conjunctiva and that is usually caused by an infection or allergies

11

dacryoadenitis

and inflammation of the lacrimal gland that can be caused by bacterial infection or fungal infection

12

dilopia

double vision

13

ectropion

The eversion of the edge of the eyelid

14

emmetropia

A normal relationship between the refractive power of the Eye in the shape of the eye enables light rays to focus correctly on the retina

15

eustachitis

inflammation of the eustachian tube

16

exotropia

strabismus characterized by the outward deviation of one Eye related to the other also known as wall eye

17

fluorescein

Application of fluorescent dye to the surface of the eye

18

glaucoma

A group of diseases characterized by increased interocular pressure that causes damage to the retinal nerve fibers in the optic nerve

19

hemianopia

blindness and one half of the visual field

20

hordeolum

A pus filled lesion on the eyelid resulting from an infection in the sebaceous gland also known as a sty

21

infectious myringitis

contagious information that causes painful blisters on the ear drum

22

iridectomy

The surgical removal of a portion of the iris

23

iritis

and inflammation of the uveal tract affecting primarily structures in the front of the eye

24

keratitis

inflammation of the cornea

25

labyrinthectomy

The surgical removal of all or part of the labyrinth

26

laser trabeculoplasty

used to treat angle glaucoma by creating openings in the trabecular meshwork to allow fluid to drain properly

27

mastoidectomy

surgical removal of mastoid cells

28

myopia

A defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina also known as nearsightedness

29

myoringotomy

The surgical incision in the eardrum to create an opening for the placement of Tympanistomy tubes

30

nyctalopia

A condition in which an individual with normal daytime vision has difficulty seeing at night also known as night blindness

31

nystagmus

and involuntary constant rhythmic movement of the eyeballs

32

opthalmoscopy

The visual examination of the back part of the eye

33

optometrist

holds a doctor of optometry to greet and specializes in measuring the accuracy of vision to determine whether corrective lenses are needed

34

otitis media

inflammation of the middle of the ear

35

otomycosis

A fungal infection of the external auditory canal swimmers ear

36

otopyorrhea

The flow of pus from the ear

37

otoerhagia

bleeding from the ear

38

otosclerosis

the ankylosis of the bones of the middle ear

39

papilledema

swelling and inflammation of the optic nerve at the point of entrance into the ice is the optic disk

40

periornital edema

swelling surrounding the eye

41

presbycusis

gradual loss of hearing that occurs as the body ages

42

pterygium

A benign growth on the cornea that can become large enough to distort vision

43

radical keratotomy

surgical procedure to treat myopia

44

retinopexy

used to reattach the detached area in the retinal detachment

45

scleritis

inflammation of the sclera

46

stapedectomy

The surgical removal of the top portion of the stapes bone and the insertion of a small prosthetic device known as a piston that conducts sound vibrations to the inner ear

47

strabismus

A disorder in which the eyepoints in different directions

48

tarsorrhaphy

The partial or complete suturing together of the upper and lower eyelids

49

tinnitus

A ringing buzzing or roaring sound in one or both ears

50

tonometry

The measurements of intraocular pressure

51

tympanometry

The use of air pressure in the ear canal to test for disorders of the middle ear

52

vertigo

A sense of whirling dizziness and the loss of balance and often combined with nausea and vomiting

53

vitrectomy

The removal of the vitreous fluid and it's replaced it with a clear solution

54

xerophthalmia

drying of the eye

55

adnexa

appendages or accessory structures of an organ