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Flashcards in Digestive Study Guide Deck (42):
1

This is how many pairs of salivary glands humans have

3

2

This type of muscle movement is how food moves down the esophagus

Peristalsis

3

This is what prevents food from going up the internal nasal passage

Uvula

4

This is what prevents food from going down the trachea

Epiglottis

5

This is the general category of enzymes which require water to function

Hydrolytic

6

Gastric juice is made up of these substances

Acid, mucus pepsin

7

Pancreatic juice is made up of these substances

Enzymes, NaHCO3

8

The approximate length of the small intestine (in meters)

6 meters

9

The approximate length of the large intestine (in meters)

1.5 meters

10

The organ/gland which makes trypsin , lipase, and amylase

Pancreas

11

The organ/gland which makes maltase, sucrose, and lactase

Duodenum

12

The name of the enzyme(s) that works on: Protein -> Peptide

Pepsin and trypsin

13

The name of the enzyme(s) that works on: Peptides -> amino acids

Peptidases

14

The name of the enzyme that works on : fat droplets -> fatty acids + glycerol

Lipase

15

The name of enzyme(s) that works on Nucleic acids -> nucleotides

Nuclease

16

The name of the enzyme(s) that works on Nucleotides -> sugar, base + PO4

Nucleotdiase

17

The name of enzyme(s) that works on Starch -> Maltose (in mouth )

Salivary amylase

18

The name of enzyme(s) that works on Starch -> Maltose (in duodenum)

Pancreatic amylase

19

This is made by the liver and breaks (emulsifies) fat into smaller fat droplets

Bile

20

The name of the stomach sphincter that controls food coming from the esophagus

Cardiac

21

The name of the stomach sphincter that controls food going into the duodenum

Pyloric

22

The duodenum , jejunum and ilium are part of this organ

small intestine

23

This organ functions in reabsorption of water and formation of feces (poop)

Large intestine

24

This is the pH of the mouth

7

25

This is the pH of the stomach

2

26

This is the pH of the duodenum

8- 8.5

27

This greatly increases the surface area for absorption in the small intestine

villi

28

Bile is stored in this part

Gall Bladder

29

Mechanical digestion occurs in these parts

Mouth and Stomach

30

Chemical digestion occurs in these parts

Mouth, stomach, and duodenum

31

This part is a vestigial organ and is found between the large and small intestine

Appendix

32

This type of digestion breaks down food into small pieces

Physical

33

This type of digestion breaks apart the bonds in food

Chemical

34

This is what prevents our stomach from "digesting" itself

Mucus

35

This is what occurs when a hole arises in the stomach lining

Ulcer

36

This is the name of the throat area where swallowing occurs

Pharynx

37

These organs/glands make secretions which end up in the duodenum

Liver/pancreas

38

Glucose & amino acids enter through this part of the villi

Capillaries

39

Fatty acids & glycerol enter through this part of the villi

Lacteals

40

E.coli in our large intestine make these substances

Amino acids, Vitamin K

41

These can act as co-enzymes in our bodies

vitamins, minerals

42

This organ can destroy old red blood cells, detoxify blood & make urea and plasma proteins

Liver