Flashcards in Digestive System Deck (26)
What are the structures of the digestive system?
Mouth, epiglottis, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, accessory organs.
What are the 2 main functions of the digestive system?
Nutrient intake, solid waste elimination.
How many adult teeth does the average dog have?
How many adult teeth does the average cat have?
How many deciduous teeth does the average dog have?
How many deciduous teeth does the average cat have?
Once food exits the stomach, what is the mixed food called?
What is peristalsis?
The involuntary, rhythmic movement of smooth muscles throughout the GI tract, which pushes contents through the system.
What is the esophagus?
A long, muscular tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach.
What is the primary function of the salivary glands?
To secrete saliva, which moistens and lubricates food to be more easily swallowed.
What is coprophagia?
The eating of feces.
What are the functions of the liver?
Storage, detoxification, modification of nutrients.
Does any major absorption happen in the stomach?
No, it mainly serves to mix food.
Where does most of the nutrient absorption take place?
The small intestine.
What does the large intestine mainly absorb?
What are the three sections of the small intestine?
The duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.
What are the three sections of the large intestine?
The cecum, colon, and rectum.
What are the accessory digestive organs?
The pancreas, salivary glands, and liver.
What is the largest gland in the body?
What are the four types of theeth?
Incisors, molars, premolars, canines.
What is food mixed with in the stomach?
Hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes.
What is the name of the sphincter that allows food to enter the stomach?
The cardiac sphincter.
What in the name of the sphincter that allows food to exit the stomach?
The pyloric sphincter.
What does a foreign body refer to in the digestive system?
An object that is not able to exit the stomach or intestines?
What is the name of the sphincter at the end of the digestive tract?