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Flashcards in Endocrine System Deck (32)
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1

What are the 8 glands of the endocrine system?

Pituitary, Pineal, Pancreas, Parathyroid, Thyroid, Adrenal, Ovaries, Testes

2

Which gland excerpts control over all other gland locations?

The pituitary gland.

3

Which gland is responsible for producing insulin?

The pancreas.

4

Which gland is responsible for producing melatonin?

The pineal gland.

5

Which gland is responsible for regulating calcium levels?

The parathyroid gland.

6

Where id the thyroid gland located?

At the base of your neck.

7

What is the main hormone produced by the overies?

Estrogen.

8

Where are the enzymes from the pancreas released into?

The duodenum.

9

Where are the adrenal glands located?

Above the kidneys.

10

What hormones does the pituitary gland produce?

ACTH, FSH, MSH, LH, GH, PRL, TSH, Oxytocin, and ADH.

11

What hormones does the thyroid gland produce?

T3, T4, and calcitonin.

12

What hormone does the parathyroid glands produce?

PTH.

13

What hormones do the adrenal glands produce?

Cortisol, Aldosterone, Epinephrine, and Norepinephrine.

14

What hormones does the pancreas produce?

Insulin and Glucagon.

15

What hormones do the ovaries produce?

Estrogen and Progesterone.

16

What hormones do the testes produce?

Testosterone and other Androgenic hormones.

17

What hormone does the pineal gland produce?

Melatonin.

18

What is ACTH?

Adrenocorticotrophic hormone, stimulates the production of cortisol.

19

What is FSH?

Follicle stimulating hormone, promotes the production of sperm and stimulates the ovaries to produce estrogen.

20

What is LH?

Luteinizing hormone, stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone production in males.

21

What is GH?

Growth hormone or Somatotropin, stimulates growth in the body, helps maintain healthy muscles and bones, and manages fat distribution.

22

What is PRL?

Prolactin, causes breast milk production after childbirth and also affects the hormones that control the ovaries and testes.

23

What is TSH?

Thyroid-stimulating hormone, stimulates the thyroid gland.

24

What does Oxytocin do?

Helps labor to progress, causes breast milk to flow, and affects behavior, social interaction and the bonding between mother and child.

25

What is ADH?

Anti-diuretic hormone or Vasopressin, regulates water balance and sodium levels.

26

What is T4?

Thyroxine, responsible for your metabolism, mood, and body temperature.

27

What is T3?

Triiodothyronine, helps maintain muscle control, brain function and development, heart and digestive functions.

28

What is PTH?

Parathyroid hormone, stimulates the release of calcium by bones into the blood stream, stimulates absorption of calcium from food by the intestines and conservation of calcium by the kidneys.

29

What does cortisol do?

Increases glucose in the bloodstream, increases the brains use of glucose, and increases the availability of substances that repair tissue.

30

What does calcitonin do?

Involved in regulating calcium and phosphate levels in the blood, opposing the actions of the parathyroid hormone.