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A&P 2 LAB > Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System Deck (74)
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1

Also called the mouth

Oral cavity

2

Formed by the palatine bones and the maxillae

Hard palate

3

Lies posterior to the hard palate

Soft palate

4

Upper and lower lips

Superior and inferior labia

5

Connects labia to the gum

Labial frenulum

6

Space between cheeks and teeth

Vestibule

7

Moves food and contains taste buds

Tongue

8

Projections on the tongue that contain taste buds

Papillae

9

Probide friction to move objects with tongue

Filiform papillae

10

Small and contain only about 5 taste buds

Fungiform papillae

11

Larger and contains up to 100 taste buds

Circumvallate papillae

12

Connects the tongue to the bottom of the oral cavity

Lingual frenulum

13

Produces mucin and salivary amylase

salivary glands

14

Large glands near mandibular ramus that is frequently attacked by the mumps virus.

Parotid glands

15

Also called Stenson's ducts.

Parotid ducts

16

Located on the floor of the oral cavity near the mandible

Submandibular glands

17

Also called Wharton's ducts

Submandibular ducts

18

Located on flood of oral cavity

Sublingual glands

19

Also called Rivinus ducts

Sublingual ducts

20

First teeth, and there are normally 20. Baby teeth.

Deciduous teeth

21

How many permanent teeth do you have?

32

22

Exposed portion of tooth above the gum line

Crown

23

Base of tooth that fits in a socket in the mandible or maxilla

Root

24

Between the crown and the root

Neck

25

Mineral component, which is similar to bone in chemical composition, but lacks cells

Dentin

26

Interior chamber in the crown that contains cells, nerves, and blood vessels

Pulp cavity

27

Extensions of the pulp cavity into the root

Root canal

28

Opening through which blood vessels and nerves enter the root canal

Apical foramen

29

Protective layer that covers the dentin of the crown

Enamel

30

Protective layer that covers the dentin of the root

Cementum