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Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (54)
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1

Provides an area for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, protects the surfaces from dehyration, protects against pathogens, produces sounds, and permits speech.

Respiratory system

2

Nostrils

External nares

3

Lateral wall of nose

Ala

4

Space contained within the flexible tissue of nose

Vestibule

5

Hairs that remove particles from air

Vibrissae

6

Incoming air flows between these mounds of tissue and is warmed and humidified.

Conchae (Concha)

7

3 types of conchae

-Superior nasal conchae
-Middle nasal conchae
-Inferior nasal conchae

8

Passageways between conchae

Meatuses

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3 types of meatuses

-Superior meatus
-Middle meatus
-Inferior meatus

10

Opening between the nasal cavity and the pharynx

Internal nares

11

Extends from the internal nares to the larynx

Pharynx

12

The throat

Pharynx

13

Superior portion which extends from the internal nares to the soft palate.

Nasopharynx

14

Posterior part of the roof of the mouth.

Soft palate

15

Passage between the pharynx and the middle ear.

Auditory tube

16

Eustachian or pharyngotympanic tube.

Auditory Tube

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Single tonsil

Pharyngeal tonsil

18

Middle section which extends from the soft palate to the base of the tongue.

Oropharynx

19

Attachment site for many muscles that assist in speech.

Hyoid bone

20

Opening from the mouth into the pharynx.

Fauces

21

Projection that is attached to the posterior portion of the soft palate and assists in speech.

Uvula

22

Inferior portion which extends between the hyoid and the entrances to the larynx and esophagus.

Laryngopharynx

23

Extends from C4 to C6 and produces sounds.

Larynx

24

Narrow opening through which air leaves the pharynx and enters the larynx.

Glottis

25

3 types of large unpaired carilages.

-Epiglottis
-Thyroid cartilage
-Cricoid cartilage

26

Covers the glottis during swallowing.

Epiglottis

27

U shaped shield that forms the anterior wall for the larynx.

Thyroid cartilage

28

Adams apple

Laryngeal prominence

29

3 types of small, paired cartilages

-Arytenoid cartilages
-Cuneiform cartilages
-Corniculate cartilages

30

Involved in opening and closing of the glottis and producing sound.

Arytenoid cartilages