Flashcards in Diptera - intro, Stomoxys Calcitrans, Hydrotea Irritans, Musca Autmunalis and Tabanids Deck (33)
What type of pathogen transmission do diptera use to transmit pathogens?
Mechanical pathogen transmission
What do muscids (in muscidae family) feed on?
Some suck blood (other families are all blood sucking)
Give an example of a biting muscidae
Give examples of a non-biting muscidae
Which diptera is known as the stable fly? Which animals does it affect?
Mainly horses and cattle
What does stomoxys calcitrans feed on?
Where do stomoxys calcitrans rest, breed and lay eggs?
Rest on warm, unexposed surfaces
Breed inside barns/stables
Eggs laid in dung/straw/urine
How often is a new generation of stomoxys calcitrans?
Every 2-3 weeks
Where do stomoxys calcitrans prefer to feed? What do they cause?
Lower parts of animal (legs, flank)
Stamping feet, shivering skin, rapid head turn, tail swishing, gadding (restlessness/excitemnt)
How can stomoxys calcitrans be identified?
Long, thin proboscis
(For blood sucking)
Stomoxys calcitrans are vectors for which diseases?
Equine infectious anaemia
Trypanosomes (not UK)
What is known as the head fly? Which species is it mainly a problem in?
Most notorious pest, but not dramatic
Is hydrotea irritans biting or non-biting? What do they feed on? What type of mouthpart do they have?
What species does hydrotea irritans pester?
Where are hydrotea irritans often found in cattle? What can they cause?
What is an animals response to hydrotea irritans?
Rapid head turn
Is hydrotea irritans exophilic or endophilic? What pasture is it found in? Where are eggs laid?
Eggs laid on pasture soil
How many generations of flies are there each year fo hydrotea irritans? When are they most active?
One - in Summer
Warm humid days, late Summer
What are distinguishing features of hydrotea irritans?
Orange wing base
What is known as the face fly? Which species does it affect?
Nuisance in cattle, significant in hores
Where is musca autumnalis found?
Is musca autumnales endophilic or exophilic? Where do they lay eggs and develop?
Eggs in dung on pasture
What are distnguishing features of musca autmunalis?
When do populations of musca autumnalis build up?
What diseases do Musca autumnalis spread?
Infectious bovine keratoconjuntivits (pink eye - caused by Moraxella bovid)
Eye problems in horses
Vector of eye and stomach worms
What species of fly is similar to Musca autumnalis? What is the difference between these?
Is found inside accommodation, mainly a problem for housed pigs
Which flies are biting, non-muscidaes?
What are the 2 genera of Tabanids in the UK? How can you tell the difference between them?
Haematopota - mottled wings
Tabanus - large clear winga
What are the distinguishing features of Tabanids?
Bulging iridescent eyes
Mottled wings (Haematopota)
Large clear wings (Tabanus)