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Parasitology - Ectoparasites > Ticks of dogs and cats > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ticks of dogs and cats Deck (21)
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1

Ticks can be soft ticks or hard ticks. What class and subclass are ticks?

Arachnids (NOT insects)
Acari

2

What month has the highest tick carry?

June

3

What is the importance of hard ticks?

Transmits pathogens (tick-borne diseases, all zoonotic)
Reduces animal production

4

What do ticks feed on? What is the reservoir host?

Blood
Dogs

5

What do ticks release to increase their blood consumption?

Vasodilators
Anticoagulators

6

What ticks do we need to know (4 species)?

Ixodes ricinus
Ixodes hexagons
Rhipicephalus sanguineus
Dermacentor reticulatus

7

What morphological features do Ixodes ricinus?

2 pales either side of hypsotome

8

When does Ixodecus ricinus activity peak? What do they do on hot days?

Spring and Autumn
Take refuge in undergrowth

9

What habitat is Ixodes ricinus typically found in? How long is their life cycle?

Wooded area and pastures
3 YEARS

10

What tickborne diseases do Ixodes ricinus transmit?

Lyme's disease
Louping ill
Red water (cattle)

11

What is Ixodes hexagonus known as? Is it a vector of disease?

Hedgehog tick
No

12

What is Rhipicephalus sanguineus also known as? What is a distinguishing feature?

Brown dog tick
Lateral projections on false head

13

Where do female Rhipicephalus sanguineus deposit their eggs?

Crevices and cracks of kennels

14

Huge numbers of Rhipicephalus sanguineus can infest one dog. What does it transmit?

Babesiosis
Ehrlihciosis

15

Where on the body is Rhipicephaus found?

Ears
Interdigital spaces
Armpit (Axilla)

16

What is the Dermacentor reticulatus tick also known as? How is it distinguished?

Meadow tick
Silver/grey sputum (patterned)
Club shaped pulps

17

What does Dermacentor reticulatus transmit? Is it serious?

Canine babesiosis
Can be fatal

18

What climate does Dermacentor reticulatus prefer?

Cool, wet climate

19

Babesiosis is spread by which ticks?

Rhipicephalus sanguineus
Dermacentor reticulatus

20

What drugs are often used in spot ons for tick control?

Permethrin
Imidacloprid
Isoxazolines - e.g. afoxoalner, fluralaner

21

Why are isoxazolines used for ticks? Are they 100% effective?

Fast kill
Prevent pathogen transmission
No drug is 100% effective