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Flashcards in Disabilities Deck (13):
1

Difference b/w INTELLECTUAL and DEVELOPMENTAL disability?

Intellectual disability: Restriction/limitations in intellectual fuunctionang and adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social and practical adaptive skills. - BEFORE AGE 18 (brain function, not necessarily intelligence) - i.e. Cognitive Impairment - NO LONGER called mental retardation

Developmental: restriction/lack of ability dealing w/ lack of DEVELOPMENT

2

What percent of individuals with disabilities have a significant vision impairment (strab/decreased acuity)?

Individuals with disabilities have a ____X increased chance in blindness

1/2 - 2/3 (50-66%)

200X!!!!

3

The vast majority of patients with intellectual disabilities are in which two categories (i.e. mild or severe, etc.)?

MILD (85%), MODERATE (10%) - you should try to see these!

-severe and profound and much fewer

4

Most common NEUROgenic intellectual disability?

What are the two GENETIC intellectual disabilities?

CP

-Down's Syndrome, Fragile X

5

KEY thing to keep in mind w/ CP patients regarding their level of intellectual function?

50% of them have NORMAL IQs!!!!

CAN'T assume pt's intelligence just by looking at them.

CP: NON-progressive, LOCOMOTION dysfunction d/t lesion in immature brain

6

Three types of CP? (SAA) - Key characteristics of each:
-WHICH is MOST COMMON?

SPASTIC - MOST COMMON - quad/di/hemiplegia
ATHETOID - hallmark slow, writhing mvmts
ATAXIC - FINE motor dysfxn

7

Do young or old mothers have the highest incidence of children w/ Down's syndrome?

YOUNG mothers - highest INCIDENCE
OLDER mothers - highest PREVALENCE

8

DSM - development and statistical manual of mental disorders

Four DSM categories for AUTISM under DSM 5? Which was removed? [ACAP]

A - autism disorder - language, social skills, repetitive restricted behaviors
C - childhood disintegrative disorder
A - aspergers disorder
P - pervasive developmental disorder (Not otherwise specified - NOS)

-RHETT syndrome removed

9

A patient with CHARGE syndrome likely has a _____

If it's on the optic nerve, it's likely to be ____ (location), thus creating a _____ VF defect.

Will also complain of tons of p_____

COLOBOMA - likely INFERIOR - SUPERIOR VF defect.

-highly PHOTOPHOBIC - d/t massive reflection from incomplete closure of inferior optic nerve - light bounces around inside eye.

10

Three most prevalent visual impairment conditions in children ages birth-3?

CVI (24%), OTHER (24%), ROP (17%)

11

Differences between:

-TEACHER of the visually impaired,
-O&M SPECIALIST,
-Certified vision rehab therapist

-Teacher: university-trained, braille, with SOME eye knowledge

-O&M: works within/some are eye docs that practice, include kids AND adults

-Certified vis rehab: ....

12

In examining a special needs patient, is the inability (or the lack thereof) an indicator as to HOW intellectually disabled the patient is?

NO - they're NOT related whatsoever.

13

"it is not the patient who is uncooperative; rather, the issue is the doctor who is unable to establish an environment in which the patient can successfully perform"

remember that.