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Flashcards in Discipline Deck (28):
1

When was the first time as officer was shot for desertion?

December 1916

2

Where was the death penalty also used?

Civilian courts

3

How many calories a day did troops receive?

4000+

4

How many letters a day were being handled?

125,000

5

How were rations for troops adjusted for the better?

Vitamins importance increasingly recognised
e.g B1 preventing scurvey
rations adjusted to include these

6

What shows the conservative attitudes of generals towards tanks?

cavalry often used to exploit success of tanks

7

How many cigarettes could a soldier buy with 1 days worth of pay

70 woodbine

8

Average rate of pay

was 50% higher than the minimum

9

How many letters weekly were getting to the front

1.25 million

10

How many days per month were you expected to spend in the trenches?

10

11

How many days out of the 10 in the trenches were you expected to stay in the firing line for?

2-4

12

How many were court martialled throughout war

300,000 other ranks

close to 6,000 officers

13

What % of those in the army were court martialled

3%

14

What was the most common mis-demeanor

AWOL 30%

15

What % of misdemeanours were for drunkenness

15%

16

Was the rate of desertion less or more than rate for drunkennness

less

17

Name a reason for court-martial rates being so low

More middle class than lower classes were in army
(e.g those in finance / offices) who had greater self-discipline

Those from working class already subject to factory discipline

18

Evidence that the army accepted the discipline

no mass mutinies

19

Field Punishment Number One - how many hours / days

no more than 2 per day
no more than 3 days in every 4

20

Name X3 other forms of disciplinary action

no pay for up to 28 days
extra guard duty
reduction in rank

21

Who could impose disciplinary action in the battlefield

Field General Court Martial

22

What % of those court-martialled sentenced to death

1%

23

How many sentenced to death were reprieved

90%

24

How many sentenced to death

346

25

Most common cause for death sentence

desertion (75%)

26

Why may discipline appear unfair?

some who were sentenced to death probably suffered shell shock e.g Henry Farr

27

From 1917 what was significant about the Court Martial Officers

drawn from the legal profession

28

What was the rate of conviction during Court Martial case

89% - shows attempts at fair trial made