Flashcards in Disorders Affecting Development Deck (26):
Epilepsy is the _ most common neurological disorder. _% of ASD kids have some type of seizure disorder.
A seizure is a:
Surge of electrical activity in the brain
Is epilepsy rare?
No, very common
What is partial fetal alcohol syndrome?
Meets 2/3 of the criteria for FAS
What causes CP? Is it common?
CP is caused by brain damage
CP is the most common childhood disability
What is the most common type of CP?
Spastic CP - stiff muscles
What are the other types of CP?
Dyskinetic CP - troubling controlling movements
Ataxic CP - problems with balance
Mixed - combination
What are some early signs of CP from 6-10 months
Baby is stiff or floppy
Can't stand with support
What causes a febrile seizures?
When the baby gets a fever
What are some signs of a febrile seizure?
Child's body is stiff
Arms and legs twitch
May loose consciousness
What are some signs of head trauma?
Constant head aches
What causes Angleman syndrome?
Chromosome 15 missing/damaged
What are some features of Angleman syndrome?
Stiff, jerky movements
Flat back of head
Crossing of eyes
What causes Fragile X?
Repeated genes on the X chromosome which make it unable to synthesize important proteins
What causes Prader - Willi syndrome?
1. Inherit both copies of chromosome 15 from mom
2. Inherit only a portion of chromosome 15 from dad
What causes trisomy 21 down syndrome?
Triplication of chromosome 21
What causes mosaicism down syndrome?
A mixture of cells on chromosome 21
What causes translocation down syndrome?
Additional copies of chromosome 21 attach to another chromosome
What are some features of down syndrome?
Flattened bridge of nose
Tongue stick out of mouth
Upward slant of eyes
What causes Turner's syndrome?
Females are born with only one X chromosome
What are some features of Turner's syndrome?
Extra skin folds on neck
Puffy hands and feet
What causes microdeletion syndrome?
A small piece of a chromosome is missing
What are some features of microdeletion?
What are some features of fetal alcohol syndrome?
Learning and attention difficulties
What are some features of Fragile X Syndrome?
Long, narrow face
Overly flexible joints
Learning, behavioral, and speech problems
Sensitivity to light, sound, and touch