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Flashcards in Disorders Affecting Development Deck (26):
1

Epilepsy is the _ most common neurological disorder. _% of ASD kids have some type of seizure disorder.

4th, 30%

2

A seizure is a:

Surge of electrical activity in the brain

3

Is epilepsy rare?

No, very common

4

What is partial fetal alcohol syndrome?

Meets 2/3 of the criteria for FAS

5

What causes CP? Is it common?

CP is caused by brain damage
CP is the most common childhood disability

6

What is the most common type of CP?

Spastic CP - stiff muscles

7

What are the other types of CP?

Dyskinetic CP - troubling controlling movements
Ataxic CP - problems with balance
Mixed - combination

8

What are some early signs of CP from 6-10 months

Baby is stiff or floppy
Lopsided crawl
Can't stand with support

9

What causes a febrile seizures?

When the baby gets a fever

10

What are some signs of a febrile seizure?

Child's body is stiff
Arms and legs twitch
May vomit
May loose consciousness

11

What are some signs of head trauma?

Constant head aches
Slurred speech
Confusion
Reoccurring dizziness

12

What causes Angleman syndrome?

Chromosome 15 missing/damaged

13

What are some features of Angleman syndrome?

Stiff, jerky movements
Small head
Flat back of head
Crossing of eyes
Tongue thrusting
Seizures

14

What causes Fragile X?

Repeated genes on the X chromosome which make it unable to synthesize important proteins

15

What causes Prader - Willi syndrome?

1. Inherit both copies of chromosome 15 from mom
2. Inherit only a portion of chromosome 15 from dad

16

What causes trisomy 21 down syndrome?

Triplication of chromosome 21

17

What causes mosaicism down syndrome?

A mixture of cells on chromosome 21

18

What causes translocation down syndrome?

Additional copies of chromosome 21 attach to another chromosome

19

What are some features of down syndrome?

Flattened bridge of nose
Wide head
Small stature
Tongue stick out of mouth
Upward slant of eyes
Palmar crease
Hypotonia

20

What causes Turner's syndrome?

Females are born with only one X chromosome

21

What are some features of Turner's syndrome?

Small
Slow development
Extra skin folds on neck
Puffy hands and feet

22

What causes microdeletion syndrome?

A small piece of a chromosome is missing

23

What are some features of microdeletion?

Small
Slow development
Heart defects
Speech delays

24

What are some features of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Short
Low weight
CNS abnormalities
Learning and attention difficulties

25

What are some features of Fragile X Syndrome?

Large head
Large ears
Long, narrow face
Overly flexible joints
Learning, behavioral, and speech problems
Sensitivity to light, sound, and touch

26

What are some features of Prader - Willi Syndrome?

Hypotonia
Hypopigmentation
Narrow face
Small mouth
Almond shaped eyes
Feeding problems in infancy
Compulsive eating in primary years
Behavioral and motor planning problems