Disorders of the skin Flashcards Preview

Integumentary System > Disorders of the skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disorders of the skin Deck (26)
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1

Dark Skin:
Hypertrophied overgrowth of fibrous tissue from a scar
More common in African Americans
Removed with steroid injection, laser
Usually minimized only not completely healed

Keloid

2

Dark Skin:
Total loss of pigment in affected areas Disappearance of skins melanocytes
Cause unknown
Sensitive to light
"Michael Jackson"

Vitiligo

3

Dark Skin:
"Morgan Freeman"
Brown/black raised areas usually on the cheeks
Resemble flat warts/moles
Common in women
Not cancerous
Removal is cosmetic

Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra

4

Dark Skin:
Temporary or permanent hair loss related to heated comb use with straightening agents

Traction Alopecia

5

Dark Skin:
Ill defined blue macule (blue to gray)
Over 50% in children
No treatment required
Gradual disappearance with age
Flat lesion
Lumbosacral
Dark skinned babies

Nevus of Ota

6

A sweat gland disorder that inhibits sweating
Causes over-heating

Anhidrosis

7

A disorder of the sweat gland that produces excessive sweating
May lead to an electrolyte imbalance

Hyperhidrosis

8

A sweat gland disorder that may lead to an infected duct near hair follicles
They are painful boil-like lesions that can burst.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa

9

Medical term for hair loss

Alopecia

10

This type of hair loss can happen in patches from pregnancy, hormones, or chemotherapy

Sudden hair loss

11

Infection/inflammation of the hair follicles

Tinea capitus

12

Male pattern baldness but can happen to women too

Androgenic Alopecia

13

Patchy areas of baldness usually caused by an autoimmune disorder

Alopecia areata

14

Total loss of all head hair

Alopecia totalis

15

Loss of all body hair

Alopecia universalis

16

What is the main treatment for Alopecia?

Rogaine

17

Excessive growth of dark, coarse hair in undesirable locations
Male hair distribution seen in women

Hirsutism

18

Injury to nail bed, due to small shoes or starts and stops of running

Black toe AKA runners toe

19

A nail disorder that penetrates into and cuts the skin at the edge of the toe

Ingrown toenail

20

Separation of the nail plate distally to proximally
Usually due to trauma

Oncyholysis

21

Inflammation and injury of the skin at the nail base
Can be acute or chronic
Prevented by not biting nails and using gloves for protection
Treated with incision and ABX

Paronychia

22

Fingertips widen and become round and nails curve around fingertips

Clubbing

23

The nails are soft and "scooped" out
Usually due to iron deficient anemia

Spoon nails AKA koilonychia

24

Indentations across the nail bed
Usually due to malnutrition or acute severe illness such as a pronged fever or MI

Beaus Grooves

25

Pits on the nail plate with a possible thickening of the nail and separation from the nail bed
Usually found in psoriasis

Pitting Nails

26

The most common infection of the nails (toes more than fingers)
Fungal infection
Usually painless but dry, thick, and discolored nails
Treatment is an anti-fungal

Onychomycosis