Flashcards in DSA: Nutrition And Digestion Deck (28):
__________ can serve as a source of energy because its energy content is 7kcal/g, which is higher than that of carbs and proteins
__________ are found n food sources and are derivatives of major enzyme cofactors
__________ are trace elements that are also important enzymatic cofactors
What substances does saliva (amylase) digest?
What substances does gastric juice (pepsin and HCl) digest?
What substances does pancreatic juice (trypsin, lipases, and amylase) digest?
Fats emulsified by bile
What substances do intestinal enzymes (peptidases, sucrase, Lactase and maltase digest?
What substances does bile from the liver digest?
What is vitamin A also known as and what is it derived from?
Retinol derived from beta-carotene
What is the active form of vitamin D and where is it made?
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol -> made in kidney
What vitamin is responsible for eye health?
What vitamin is a lipophilic antioxidant?
What vitamin is responsible for Ca2+ absorption?
NAD from _______ is involved in many oxidoreductase reactions
What vitamin is deficient in alcoholics?
Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
What is the functional form of Vitamin 1 (thiamine)?
What disease is associated with vitamin C deficiency?
What disease is associated with thiamin deficiency?
What disease is from niacin deficiency?
What disease is from biotin deficiency?
What disease is from a folate or vitamin B12 deficiency?
A choline deficiency can result in damage to which organ?
What disease is from a vitamin D deficiency?
Where is vitamin D2 converted to vitamin D3?
Where is 7-dehydrocholesterol converted to vitamin D3?
Where is cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) converted to 25-hydroxycholecalciferol?
What enzymes does warfarin inhibit in the vitamin K pathway?
Vitamin K reductase used to convert vitamin K phylloquinone -> vitamin K hydroquinone (active)
Vitamin K epoxide reductase used to convert vitamin K epoxide -> vitamin K phylloquinone