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Flashcards in E-words Deck (20):
1

edema

accumulation of fluid in the interstitial space

2

effector protein

protein transmitting the effect of G-protein activation in the cell

3

Einthoven leads

standard way of electrode positioning when recording ECG in humans

4

electrical synapse

mechanical and electrically conductive link between two neighboring neurons that is formed at a narrow gab between the pre- and postsynaptic neurons known as a gap junction

5

electrochemical potential

combined effect of the electrical and concentration gradients on an ion

6

electronegativity

describes the tendency of an atom or a functional group to attract electrons toward itself

7

electrostatic interaction

attraction between oppositely charged ions or parts of larger molecules

8

electrotonic transmission

responsible for increasing the voltage of the nerve cell body, enough to reach threshold and trigger an AP

9

elimination

inactivation of a signal molecule

10

embolism

blockage of a vessel by an air bubble or blood clot that comes from another part of the circulatory system

11

endocrine communication

the signal uses the blood stream as a channel to reach the target cells

12

endocytosis

when substances enters the cell by membrane invagination to form an internal vesicle

13

endothelium

layer of endothelial cells that forms the internal lining of blood vessels

14

eosinophil granulocyte

WBC containing vesicles stained by eosin (acidic stain)

15

equilibrium

lowest energy state of a system that may result from opposing forces arising within the system

16

eupnea

normal breathing

17

Evan's blue

blue stain that cannot penetrate the capillary wall, used for measuring the blood volume

18

exocytosis

when substances in internal vesicles exits the cell by fusion of the vesicle with the cell membrane

19

expiratory reserve volume ERV

additional amount of air that can be expired by force following an exhalation

20

extrasystole

excitation and contraction of the heart that does not correspond to the normal sinus rythm