Early Christian, Byzantine And Islamic Art Terminology Flashcards Preview

Art > Early Christian, Byzantine And Islamic Art Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Early Christian, Byzantine And Islamic Art Terminology Deck (26)
Loading flashcards...
1

Loculi

Holes/niches dug in walls of catacombs where bodies were placed

2

Fresco

An ancient technique of wall/ceiling painting in which pigments are mixed with water and applied to wet plaster

3

Apse

A vaulted or domed semi-circular recess, usually at the eastern end of a church

4

Nave

The main, longitudinal part of the building usually where the congregation gathers

5

Aisle

The space between the columns of the nave and the side wall

6

Narthex

A single story porch or large room leading into the main body of a church

7

Transept

The transverse arms of a cross-shaped church set at right angles to the main body of the building

8

Clerestory

A row of windows in the upper part of the wall where they are above the roof of the aisles and admit light to the nave

9

Tesserae

Small pieces of hard colored substances like marble, glass, ceramics and stone used in mosaics

10

Illuminated manuscript

A manuscript in which the text is supplemented by addition of gold or silver decoration

11

Icons

A picture, image or other representation of some sacred personage, painted usually on a wood surface and venerated itself as sacred

12

Graven

Carved, sculptures

13

Heresy

Opinion different to orthodox or accepted opinion, especially of a church or religious system.

14

Koran/Qur'an

Islamic holy book

15

Calligraphy

Art of fine writing

16

Arabesque

A design of intertwined leaves and scrolls. It is the most typical Islamic ornamental motif

17

Minaret

A tall tower/turret

18

Muezzin

Leader of calls

19

Mihrab

A niche in mosque indicating qibla

20

Qibla

Direction in which a Muslim shall perform his salat

21

Mimbar

A pulpit where the Imam stands to deliver sermons

22

Imam

Leader of prayer

23

Iwan

Pointed arch doorway

24

Mausoleum

Burial tomb

25

Finial

Ornament on dome

26

Martyrs

A person who willingly suffers death rather than renounce his/her religion