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Flashcards in Gothic Terminology Deck (46)
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1

Aisle

Space between columns of nave and side wall. Usually on either side of nave.

2

Apse

Semi-circular/polygonal end of church. Usually on the eastern end.

3

Arcade

Series of arches

4

Baptistery

A small building separate from main church where rites of Baptism were performed.

5

Belfry

The bell tower

6

Boss

Projecting ornament used to conceal intersections in a vault

7

Buttress

A mass of stone built to support a wall of great height

8

Cathedral

Principle church of a province where the throne of the bishop is placed. Always faces West.

9

Chancel

Part of altar for clergy or choir

10

Chapels

Recesses on side of aisles

11

Chevet

Includes ambulatory and chapels

12

Choir

Area of main altar where services are sung

13

Choir screen

Decorated screen that separated choir from rest of cathedral

14

Cinquefoil

In tracery, it's 5 pendants in a circular ring. Usually applied to windows and panels.

15

Clerestory

The upper stores of a church where it rises above the aisle roof. Have window openings.

16

Compound pier

A pier with smaller columns attached to it. Ribs usually join to form pier

17

Crossing

Intersection of nave, transepts and chancel

18

Crypt

Area below church traditionally reserved for burial chambers

19

Fan tracery vaulting

A system of ceiling vaulting with all ribs having the same curve, resembling folds of a fan

20

Finial

The top or finishing stone of a pinnacle

21

Flying buttress

A buttress arched over at top to engage with a main wall. A principle feature. Resists lateral thrust of a vault.

22

Gargoyle

A stone spout usually carved in shape of an animal or demon and connected to a gutter for diverting rain water from roof.

23

Grotesque

A carving usually of a demon, dragon, 0.5 animal 0.5 human which sources no utilitarian purpose.

24

Ambulatory

Circular aisle around apse and behind altar

25

Jamb

The stones forming the side of a door or window

26

Jamb figures

Located on either side of main portal door; the first figures seen when entering a gothic cathedral.

27

Keystone

Central stone of an arch that locks other units in place

28

Lancet arch

A gothic pointed arch usually applied to long, narrow slender windows.

29

Light

A window opening

30

Mullions

Stone dividing a window into two or more lights

31

Narthex

Porch or room leading into the church

32

Nave

The main body of a church or cathedral. Sometimes divined as the central aisle only.

33

Niche

A recess in a wall for the reception of a statue

34

Oculus

A small circular or eye shaped window

35

Pier

A large free-standing pillar which is rectangular or square

36

Pinnacle

A slender pointed summit placed on top of a buttress

37

Radiating chapel

A chapel leading off the ambulatory

38

Rib

A convex moulding which divides the compartments of a vault

39

Rose window

A large, circular window with heavily foliated tracery branching out from a common centre

40

Sanctuary

Most sacred part of the church and holds the main altar

41

Steeple

A spire together with the tower supporting it

42

Tracery

Ornamental stonework most often seen supporting window glass in the form of trefoils and cinquefoils.

43

Transept

The north and south projections or "arms" of the cross.

44

Triforium

An arcaded middle level, above the main arcade and below the clerestory. In French building it contains a passage.

45

Tympanum

A panel above the main portal, or doorway, usually heavily decorated

46

Vault

An arched ceiling.