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Flashcards in early settlers, Mormons and Gold miners Deck (30):
1

key features of geography in America.

Mountains, rivers and long grass.

2

Problems people would face when crossing America?.

difficult terrain, weather, Native Indians, disease, accidents food shortages.

3

What is Manifest Destiny?.

The right of an American to occupy the whole of America.

4

Who first said manifest destiny, In what and when?.

John L. Sullivan, in the morning post, 1845

5

Where were the early settlers traveling?.

West, to Oregon and California

6

3 push factors.

Disease, overpopulation, economic problems.

7

3 pull factors.

Cheap land, gold, out of U.S territory

8

Who were the Donner party?.

a group of travellers who crossed the plains. Got stranded in the winter and resorted to cannibalism

9

other name for Mormons?.

Latter Day Saints

10

Founder of the Mormons?.

Joseph Smith

11

Non-Mormons name?.

Gentiles

12

Name of Mormon army?.

The Nauvoo legion

13

Why did people dislike the Mormons?.

polygamy. feared their power, the Mormons were nice to slaves and Indians, Growing pop. kept converting people.

14

What is polygamy.

Marrying 2+ wives

15

Why was Joseph Smith Killed?.

He threatened to become president, too powerful, and he shut down the Mormon newspaper that criticised him

16

Who was the next leader of the Mormons?.

Brigham Young

17

Where did Brigham young go?.

Salt Lake City.

18

When did Young leave for SSS?.

feb. 1846

19

How did the Mormons have a successful journey to SSS?.

Organisation, inner regiments, Young was intelligent, winter camps, people stayed at posts along the trail to SSS.

20

Why were the Mormons successful?.

Organised, skilled workers, hard working, did not drink.

21

Where was SSS located?.

Utah

22

Why could Utah not become a state?.

Polygamy, rapid pop. increase.

23

When was the mountain meadows massacre? .

Autumn of 1857

24

What was the MMM.

The Mormons killed around 140 travellers and then blamed it on the Indians.

25

How did the MMM help end the Utah war? In what year?

Bad-Publicity meant the war ended in 1858 with a compromise..

26

When and why did Utah become a state?.

1896, made peace with U.S and stopped polygamy.

27

Who first found Gold and where?.

James W. Marshall in the Sacramento Valley.

28

When was the Californian gold rush?.

jan. 1849

29

problems minors faced:.

No law and order, No plots of land left to mine, racist ideology, low wages, bad working conditions.

30

How did California's population grow from 1849-52.

People flocking there to "get 1000 dollars a day"