Flashcards in plains Indians and PIF Deck (33):
tribe that lived in the plains
structure of the tribe?
chief, medicine man, council, warrior society
How did the Indians view land?
Sacred and can't be owned
What was counting coup?
touching your enemy
The Indians moved around, meaning they were....
name 4 buffalo parts and what they were used for.
fur-clothing and warmth, pillows, tipi accessories
Dung-buffalo chips and fuel
Bones- utensils and dice
Bladder- food bags
How did the Indians contact the spirits?
Dances, medicine man, visions
What was there for the young Indian in the hunt?
bravery, status and education
what were women jobs connected to the hunt?
Butcher and skin the buffalo, tanning skin, making raw materials into something useful
why was decoration important?
remember past, show status, connects spirits
Give 3 reasons why tipis were practical
made out of readily available materials, easy to move around, suitable for climate on the plains.
What was the unit of transport called?
what is polygamy?
having lots of wives
Why did the Indians practise it?
protects widows, grows population as men were more likely to die.
What did the Indians believe about nature?
connected to the spirits.
What was the Indians attitude to land?
sacred, can't be farmed, mined or destroyed.
Who was the supreme being?
What was a medicine man's job?
Connected to spirits and mad people feel better.
Why would Indians go to war?
For bravery, to protect their hunting land and to gain a wife.
Why scalp an enemy?
Trophies, and the victim can't go to the afterlife.
When was the Indian removal act and what did it do?
started in 1825 and moved Indians on the Eastern side of the frontier to the west.
What was the boundary between the East and the Plains called?
Permanent Indian Frontier.
How did the White American view the plains?
As an economic opportunity to expand.
3 reasons why there was tension between the Indians and White man's way of life?
overland, broken treaties and gov. policy to destroy buffalo.
What was the policy of concentration?
Keep all the Indians in one area.
What was passed in 1851, with what aim?
Fort Laramie treaty protects Indians from being attacked and they are given money, in return for them no attacking travellers.
What was agreed?
Indians would get money and Americans could put forts along the trail.
What was the impact of this treaty?
kept peace for a short amount of time.
What was the significance of the treaty?
proves to the Indians that the American people will break the treaty and the American people don't follow it.
How did the railroad increase tension?
Frequently built through Indian land, encouraged buffalo hunting, and encouraged the settling of the plains
How did ranching increase tension?
drove cattle through Indian land, and built ranches on Indian land. Disrupted buffalo herds and cause Indians to attack.
How did gold increase tension?
Further invasion on Indian land. Gold discovered in Montana 1862, miners pushed some Indians off their land.