Economic, moral, legal, ethical and cultural issues relating to computer science Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Economic, moral, legal, ethical and cultural issues relating to computer science Deck (15)
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1

Code of conduct

An agreement made by an employee to obey the rules of the organisation and work within specified guidelines as regards to the use of ICT and the Internet

2

Personal data

Data about a living identifiable individual

3

Sensitive data

Is defined in the Data Protection Act 1998 as data on a person's race, ethnic origin, political opinion, religious or similar beliefs, trade union membership, physical or mental health or condition, sexual life, commission or alleged commission of an offence.

4

Data Subject

Living individual about whom the data is held

5

Data controller

Person in an organisation responsible for the way data is processed

6

Information
Commissioner

Public office responsible for enforcing DPA. Also advises and educates about the act

7

Digital Rights
Management

Digital Rights Management refers to various access control technologies (e.g.encryption) that are used to restrict the usage of proprietary software, hardware, or
content.

8

Freedom of
Information Act

General right of access to information held by public authorities.

9

Data Protection
Act

The Data Protection Act controls how personal information is used by organisations, businesses or the government.

10

Computer
Misuse Act

The Computer Misuse Act is designed to protect computer users against willful attacks and theft of information.

11

Copyright,
Design and
Patent Act

It gives the creators of software, literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works the right to control the ways in which their material may be used.

12

Robotics

A machine that is programmed to do specific tasks and can sense its surroundings. Typically carries out tasks that human as not very good at or dangerous tasks. E.g.
spraying cars on a production line

13

Artificial
Intelligence

The branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans

14

Expert System

A computer system based on rules to reproduce the Role of a Human Expert

15

Regulation of
Investigatory
Powers Act

This is a British law that was created to define the legal power of certain organisations to carry out surveillance and interception of communications.