Flashcards in Eczema Deck (42):
What is eczema also known as?
What is the most common form of eczema?
Who is eczema more common in?
Children but can also develop (1st time) in adults
What is the classical appearance of atopic eczema?
Where does atopic eczema often affect?
Hands, inside elbows, backs of knees, face, and scalp
What other conditions are often associated with eczema?
How many UK children are affected by eczema at some point?
1 in 5
Is there a familial link in atopic eczema?
What is a discoid pattern of atopic eczema?
Coin sized area of inflammation on the limbs
What is a follicular pattern of atopic eczema?
Numerous small bumps that coincide with hair follicles
What tests are done to diagnose eczema?
None, it is done clinically. The skin may need to be swabbed however if infection is suspected
What can cause an AE flare-up?
State of wellness
Dryness of skin
Teething in babies
What environmental factors can cause a flare up of atopic eczema?
Can atopic eczema be cured?
Which jobs may atopic eczema be an issue in?
What can help prevent AE?
Regular use of medical moisturisers
Is there evidence to support exclusive breast feeding as a preventative measure in susceptible infants?
No although it is still advocated
What can be used to treat frequent flare ups of eczema?
Where should weaker topical steroids be used?
What can be used to help with sleep disturbance?
Who is phototherapy recommended for?
Adults (not usually children)
What agents can be used in severe eczema to act on the immune system?
What is categorised as clear skin?
If there is normal skin and no evidence of active eczema
What is categorised as mild eczema?
Areas of dry skin, and infrequent eczema (+- small areas of redness)
What is categorised as moderate eczema?
Areas of dry skin, frequent itching, redness (+- excoriation and localised skin thickening)
What is categorised as severe eczema?
Widespread areas of dry skin, constant itching, and redness (+- excoriation, skin thickening, bleeding, oozing, cracking, pigmentation)
What does infected eczema look like?
Weeping, crusted, pustules present, fever, malaise.
What is contact dermatitis?
Dermatitis triggered by contact with a particular substance
How quickly does a contact dermatitis reaction occur?
Within a few hours of days of exposure
Which parts of the body are most commonly affected by contact dermatitis?
Hands and face
What additional treatment is suggested to pts with contact dermatitis?
Avoid the allergen/irritant
M:F in contact dermatitis?
What is perioral dermatitis?
Red, bumpy rash that appears around the mouth
What is noticable about the pattern of rash formed in perioral dermatitis?
There is skin sparing around the top lip
What is dermatitis herpetiformis?
A chronic blistering skin condition associated with coeliac disease
What is seborrhoeic dermatitis?
A chronic skin condition with red, scaly, greasy, itchy, and inflammed areas of skin
Where is affected in seborrhoeic dermatitis?
Areas rish in sebaceous glands such as the face, scalp, and chest
What is dandruff?
A milder form or seborrhoeic dermatitis
What is seborrhoeic dermatitis called in babies?
What are the risk factors for seborrhoeic dermatitis?
Poor immune function