Edward 1st vs 2nd Reign Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Edward 1st vs 2nd Reign Deck (21):
1

Towton

Edward wins crown, March 1461

2

Green

"New Monarchy" Edward is not this

3

control quote Horrox

"very much the master of his own kingdom"

4

Ross on Piquigny

"Golden opportunity missed" "he hoped to achieve something more glorious"

5

Forgein Powers Margaret

500-600 French Mercanaries during invasion of the North in 1462

6

Tudor French Support

Supported by French mercenaries in his escape from Harlech in 1468

7

1469-71 Forgein involvement

Charles and Louis determine who will win the throne, engineering the alliance between Margaret and Warwick plus equiping Edward with 1200 men and 36 ships

8

Contrast with 2nd reign in terms of forgein involvement

No forgein involvement and Edward actually got involved in other peoples affairs!

9

Mariage to Elizabeth Woodville

"first major blunder of his political career"
embarasses warwick who was due to hold a conference at St Omer
Subsequent elevation of the 9 woodville children scuppering Warwicks mariage plan for Anne and Isabel with thre Duke of Buckingham

10

Burgundy vs France

Sides with Burgundy, 1467 trade treaty doubles wool trade

11

Dealings with Scotland

Treaty of York fails (June 1464) compared to Treaty of perpetual peace and supression of border raids by Lord Howard in the firth of forth sinking all but 8 of the scottish fleet

12

Scottish expedition 1482

Partial success seizes Berwick but fails to put Albany on the throne

13

French invasion of 1475

culminates in treaty of Picquigny August 1475, french pension of 10,000 per year and 10 year truce
'national humiliation'

14

Somersets and Percy rebellions

1463 failure of policy of conciliation Alnwick, Bamburg and Dunstanborough, pitched battles at Hegley Moor and Hexham (1465)
Contrasts with Tudors hidin in Brittany and Earl of Oxfords imprisonment at Hammes

15

Reflection of support of nobility

every nobel contributes in 1475

16

Warwick

instigates rebellions in the North by Robin of Redesdale and Lord FitzHugh "it was the north that brought Edward down" - Carpenter
Contrasts to control of Richard duke of Gloucester who made the North a safe haven through his presidency of the council of the North
Also contrasts with Clarences brief cambridge based uprising and the excecution of John Stacey and Claence himself in 1478

17

Livery and Maintenance

'legal retaining' still allowed in 1468 statute

18

The 'new yorkists'

Hastings Lord Chamberlain
Herbert 1st Earl of Pembroke
had limited support and upset warwick

19

Reigonal Magnates

Richard duke of Gloucester securing the North, Hastings in the Midlands and Thomas Grey in the South West

20

Finances

Royal commisioners double income from Lancaster, ordinary income increased through professionalisation
Extra ordinary income - French Pension and benevolenes (22,000 in 1475)

21

Local Government

Ross "made use of Talent where he found it, men like Tunsall and Morton
Sheriffs and JP's
But Acrington Stanley feud continues, not perfect