Wars of the Roses Causes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Wars of the Roses Causes Deck (19):
1

1443

hostility between york and the beauforsts over Gascony

2

May 1444

Truce of Tours

3

Nov 1449

Gives up Rouen without resistance, it had cost 1000 english lives, York was captain of rouen

4

1450

Formigny

5

1453

Castillon

6

Counter against France being main cause

Recovery of the crown 1452-56

7

Henry Debts

Owed £372,000 by 1450 including £38,000 to Richard

8

Mental collapse

Clarendon July 1453 for 15 months "a useful political vegetable"

9

Somerset and Suffolk, (Henry)

Given huge patronage for example Somerset was made Captain of Calais in 1554 despite his defeat in France

10

Easily dominated

Suffolk, Somerset, Gloucester, his wife

11

Historiography on Henry

McFarlane "undermighty king"

12

Ambition of York Historiography

"insaitable ambition" Weir and Watts

13

Counter against York

Repeatedly submits himself, giving up position as protector in 1554, submiting himself at St Albans 1555 Dartford had 3000 men outside london but still pledges allegiance

14

Percy Neville Feud

May 1453 Salisbury's house sacked

15

York Somerset feud

over patronage, 1443 expedition conduct of war ect

16

Other Feuds

Courtnay Bonville

17

Margaret controlling

Controls her husband "she wolf "a real bitch on wheels" (Maurer)

18

Margarets actions

Calls the 'Great Council' June 1459 triggering war with York, Salisbury and Warwick
Parliment of Devils Dec 1459 acts of attainder but war had already started with the battle of Blore Heath

19

Counter for Margaret

Woman in a mans world and should have been controlled by Henry