Flashcards in Elbow Deck (16):
which three bones make up the elbow joint?
which ligament reinforces the elbow joint medially?
the ulnar collateral ligament
which ligament reinforces the elbow joint laterally?
the radial collateral ligament
what is the most common dislocation of the elbow?
what causes posterior dislocation of elbow?
fall onto hands with elbows flexed
what is the result of injury to the ulnar nerve?
numbness of the medial part of palm and medial one and a half fingers
weakness of flexion and adduction of wrist
what is simple elbow dislocation?
no fracture of bones around the elbow joint - normally ligamentous injury
what is complex elbow dislocation?
associated with fracture usually in the forearm
surgery often needed to fix the broken bone
what are the movements at the elbow?
flexion and extension
what is bursitis of elbow?
excessive repeated pressure and friction over the olecranon can use inflammation of the bursa
- this causes swelling of the bursa which may be visible and is painful on palpation
what is the anular ligament?
wraps around the head of the radius and allows rotation during pronation and supination of forearm
what are the movements of the proximal radioulnar joint?
supination and pronation
What is epicondylitis?
common site where the insertion of tendons into bones become inflamed
what is golfer's elbow?
insertions of wrist flexor tendons into the medial epicondyle become inflamed = golfer's elbow
What is tennis elbow?
insertion of the wrist extensor tendons into the lateral epicondyle becomes inflamed = tennis elbow
- local tenderness, pain that radiates into forearm
- treatment = rest/corticosteroids if pain severe