Electricity - Paper 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Electricity - Paper 1 Deck (38)
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1

Draw the circuit symbol for a lamp

an X in a circle

2

Draw the circuit symbol for a diode

An arrow head in a circle

3

Draw the circuit symbol for a resistor

A rectangular box

4

Draw the circuit symbol for a variable resistor

A rectangular box with a diagonal arrow

5

Draw the circuit symbol for an LED

Same as a diode with 2 arrows points away

6

Draw the circuit symbol for a fuse

A rectangular box with a horizontal one running through it

7

Draw the circuit symbol for a voltmeter

V in a circle

8

Draw the circuit symbol for an ammeter

A in a circle

9

Draw the circuit symbol for a thermistor

a rectangular box with a diagonal line through it

10

Draw the circuit symbol for an LDR

A rectangular box in a circular with 2 arrows pointing towards it

11

Define Current

Flow of charge (electrons) measured in amps (A)

12

State the equation that links charge, current and time.

Charge = Current x time
Q = It

13

What are the units of charge

Coulombs (C)

14

What is the relationship between current and resistance?

As resistance increases, current decreases and vice versa

15

State the equation that links potential difference, current and resistance

Potential difference = Current x resistance
V = IR

16

State the units of potential difference

Volts (V)

17

State the units of resistance

Ohms

18

State the relationship between the length of wire and its resistance.

As the length of the wire increases the resistance increases. they are directly proportional

19

As more resistors are added in series what happens to the total resistance.

Total resistance increases (Rt = R1 + R2 + .....)

20

State ohms law

Current is directly proportional to potential difference constant temperature. this means resistance remains constant.

21

Sketch the I/V graph for a resistor

A straight line through the origin (current and potential difference are directly proportional - an ohmic conductor)

22

Sketch the I/V graph for a bulb

It starts off as a straight line through the origin but the the current levels offs so the graph curves. Non ohmic conductor

23

How does the resistance of a lamp change as it heats up?

As temperature increases resistance increase. Atoms/ions have more energy so vibrate more taking up more space making it harder for electrons to travel down the wire.

24

Sketch the I/V graph for a diode

Current can only flow in one directions. So zero current in the negative direction but in the positive direction current increases slightly after the origin. Non ohmic conductor

25

State the relationship between temperature and resistance for a thermistor

As temperature increases resistance decreases.

26

State some uses of thermistors

In thermostats to turn circuits on/off if they get too hot to cold e.g. in an iron, hair straighteners etc

27

State the relationship between temperature and light intensity for a LDR

As light increases increases, resistance decreases

28

State some uses of LDRs

In circuits to switch lights on when it gets dark

29

state the rules for current, potential difference and resistance in a series circuit

Current - same flowing through each component
Potential difference - the p.d. of the power supply is shared between the other components
Resistance - the total resistance increases as more components are added. the total resistance is the sum of all the individual components resistance

30

state the rules for current, potential difference and resistance in a parallel circuit

current - splits up but the total current stays the same
Potential difference - across each brach is the same as from the battery
Resistance - decreases as more branches are added. the electrons have more choice of paths to take.

31

What happens when electrical current flows through a resistor?

Electrical energy is transformed into heat energy

32

What is a short circuit?

An electrical circuit that allows current to travel along unintended paths with no or very low resistance Resistance low = current very high. This will cause the battery to overheat

33

Why do lamps blow when they have just been turned on?

The lamp is cold so low resistance, high current flows - sometimes enough to melt the wire in the bulb

34

In a potential divider, what happens to voltage when two resistors are equal?

They share applied voltage equally

35

In a potential divider, a current passes through a resistor then through a thermistor. How does the voltage across each component change as temperature decreases?

The thermistor cools. The resistance of the thermistor rises, taking a larger share of input voltage. As the input from the battery is constant so output voltage rises across the fixed resistor.

36

In a potential divider, a current passes through a resistor then through a thermistor. How does the voltage across each component change as temperature increases?

The thermistor heats up. The resistance of the thermistor decreases, taking a smaller share of input voltage. As the input from the battery is constant so output voltage decreases across the fixed resistor.

37

In a potential divider, a current passes through a resistor then through an LDR. How does the voltage across each component change as light intensity increases?

If light intensity increases the resistance of the LDR decreases. The LDR will take a smaller share of the input voltage. As the input voltage from the battery is fixed the output voltage across the fixed resistor must increase.

38

In a potential divider, a current passes through a resistor then through an LDR. How does the voltage across each component change as light intensity decreases?

If light intensity decreases the resistance of the LDR increases. The LDR will take a larger share of the input voltage. As the input voltage from the battery is fixed the output voltage across the fixed resistor must decrease.