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Flashcards in elite athletes Deck (27):
1

what is an elite athlete ?

Person who competes in the top competitions in their chosen sport and age group

2

what are things that make an elite athlete ?

Genetics
Fitness
Psychological
Physical skill

3

how does genetic make an elite athlete ?

Height, short and tall
Percentage of fast twitch fibres
Weight, light and heavy

4

how does fitness make an elite athlete ?

Speed
Strength
Endurance
Different sports have different demands
ie; High levels of speed and power are required for a netballer

5

how does psychological factors make an elite athlete ?

Motivation to train
Concentration
Determination
Competitive spirit
Aggressive traits

6

how does physical skill make an elite athlete?

The ability to learn and refine skills varies. Some are quick learners, others are not.
ie; Netballers need good ball skills

7

what are the 3 body types?

Ectomorph
Endomorph
Mesomorph

8

what is ectomorph ?

Describes a persons weight in relation to their height

9

what is endomorph?

How round a person is

10

what is mesomorph?

level of muscles that a person has

11

why do we test fitness?

indicate fitness level see how the program is going

12

what are fitness component?

a simple way to identify a certain part of someones business

13

what are health components?

aerobic capacity
anaerobic capacity
body composition
muscular strength
muscular endurance
flexibility

14

what are skill components ?

balance
reaction time
coordination
agility
speed
muscular power

15

aerobic capacity

is the ability of the heart, blood vessels and respiratory systems to supply nutrients and oxygenated blood to the muscles and the ability of the muscles to use the oxygen for sustained exercise.

16

anaerobic capacity

is the ability of the body to produce energy without using oxygen

17

body composition

proportion of bone, muscle and fat

18

muscular strength

is the ability of the body to exert a single maximal force to overcome a resistance

19

muscular endurance

the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to perform repeated contractions for an extended period of time

20

flexibility

is the capacity of a joint to move through its full range of motion

21

balance

you ability to stay upright or in control of your body position when stationary or moving

22

recreation time

the time from the presentation of a stimulus to the onset of a response

23

coordination

the ability to use the body's senses to execute motor skills smoothly and accurately

24

agility

the ability to change body positions or direction rapidly and accurately while maintaining balance

25

speed

how fast you can move your body part or body from one point to another

26

muscular power

is the ability to exert a force rapidly over a short period of time

27

what are 5 different fitness tests?

grip strength
50m sprint
sit and reach
beep test
vertical jump