Elizabeth Answers Flashcards Preview

HIstory > Elizabeth Answers > Flashcards

Flashcards in Elizabeth Answers Deck (20):
1

When was Elizabeth crowned Queen of England?

She was crowned Queen on 15th January 1559.

2

Give two reasons why Elizabeth was well prepared to be Queen.

1} She could speak many languages.
2} She was a strong woman.

3

Where was the Royal Court located and what was its role?

The Court was located wherever the Queen was and its role was to follow the Queen.

4

Which groups of people were in the court?

Nobles and Advisors.

5

What were progresses?

Progresses were tours that Elizabeth where she would visit homes of the nobility.

6

What were two positive things Elizabeth got out of Progresses?

1} It allowed her to see her subjects regularly.
2} It allowed her to build a relationship with her people.

7

Why were Progresses a positive thing for the Nobility who Elizabeth stayed with?

They were a positive thing because it allowed the Nobles a chance to impress her.

8

What was the Privy Council and what was its role?

The Privy Council was Elizabeth's council of advisors and their role was to advise the Queen and to direct policy.

9

Who was William Cecil?
What was his role?
How influential was he?

He was one of the Queen's closest advisors and she came to rely heavily on him. His role was to advise the Queen and he was quite influential.

10

Who was Robert Dudley?

Robert Dudley was another one of Elizabeth's close advisors. His role was to advise Elizabeth.

11

Who was Francis Walsingham?

Francis Walsingham was one of Elizabeth's advisors. He was quite influential and ran the country along with others effectively for most of her reign.

12

What was the role of Parliament in Elizabeth's reign?

The role of Parliament during Elizabeth's reign was mostly to discuss matters relating to taxes and war. Elizabeth regarded Parliament as an inconvenience and she only attended to display her power.

13

What was Elizabeth's attitude to Parliament and how did she control Parliament?

Elizabeth's attitude to Parliament was that it was inconvenient. She controlled Parliament because she attended Parliament to display her power and superiority.

14

What problems did Elizabeth have in the 1590s in terms of running the country?

By the 1590s, Elizabeth's government was in crisis because war had plagued the country, the plague had hit, there was increased poverty and repeated harvest failures. Also, many of the Queen's trusted advisors had died including Dudley and Walsingham.

15

Who was the Earl of Essex?

The Earl of Essex was a young courtier that had caught the eye of the Queen. One of his successes was that he managed to somewhat rebel. A failure of his was that the rebellion failed.

16

When was Essex's rebellion and what happened?

Essex's rebellion was in 1601 and Essex gathered around 300 of his supporters however rumours of rebellion spread. He proceeded to march to London to capture the Queen. However, he underestimated the Queen and was executed.

17

What problems did Elizabeth have as a female monarch?

As a female monarch, she faced problems such as the marriage question because she was pressured constantly to get married. She also faced competition and men vying for her attention.

18

Why did the Privy Council want Elizabeth to be married?

They wanted her to be married because the Tudor Dynasty would have died if she didn't get married and in 1562, Elizabeth contacted smallpox and the Council wanted Elizabeth to have someone lined up in the event of her death.

19

Name three possible suitors.

Duke of Alencon: He got on well with the Queen.
The St Bartholomew massacre turned England against the French.

Robert Dudley: He was close to the Queen.
He may have killed his Wife.

Prince Eric of Sweden: He was part of a family of allies against France. He was a Catholic.

20

Why did Elizabeth stay unmarried?

She stayed unmarried because she didn't ever want to get married and she also wanted to show that women can rule without men.