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Flashcards in Emergency Medical System Deck (25):

Advanced EMT

An individual who has training in specified aspects of advanced life support, such as intravenous therapy, and administration of emergency medication.


Advanced life support (ALS)

Advanced life-saving procedures, some of which are now being provided by the EMT.


Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Comprehensive legislation that is designed to protect people with disabilities against discrimination.


Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

a device that detects treatable life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmia ( ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia) and delivers the appropriate electrical shock to the patient.



a process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care.


community paramedicine

a healthcare model in which experienced paramedics receive Advanced Training to equip them to provide additional services in the prehospital environment such as health evaluations, monitoring of chronic illnesses or conditions, and patient advocacy.


continuous quality improvement (cqi)

a system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of an EMS system.


emergency medical dispatch (EMD)

A system that assists dispatchers and selecting appropriate units to respond to a particular call for assistance and provides collars with vital instructions until the arrival of EMS Crews.


emergency medical responder (EMR)

the first train professional, such as a police officer, firefighters, lifeguards or other rescuer to arrive at the scene of an emergency to provide initial medical assistance.


Emergency Medical Services (EMS)

A multidisciplinary system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide pre-hospital emergency care to sick and injured.


emergency medical technician (EMT)

an individual who has training in basic life support, including automated external defibrillator, use of a definite to Airway adjunct, and assisting patients with certain medications.


health insurance portability accountability Act (HIPAA)

Federal legislation passed in 1996. its main effect and EMS is in limiting availability of patient Healthcare information and penalizing violations of patient privacy.


intravenous (IV) therapy

the delivery of medication directly into a vein.



the process whereby competent Authority, usually the state, allows people to perform a regular Act


medical control

physician instructions given directly by radio or cell phone ( online / Direct) or indirectly by protocol / guidelines ( offline indirect), as authorized by the medical director of the service program


mobile integrated Healthcare (MIH)

a method of delivering Healthcare of which involves providing Health Care within the community rather than a physician's office or Hospital


National EMS scope of practice

a document created by the national highway traffic safety administration (NHTSA) that outlines the skills performed by various EMS providers



an individual who has extensive training in an advanced life support, including endotracheal intubation, emergency pharmacology, cardiac monitoring, and other Advanced assessment and treatment skills


primary prevention

efforts to prevent an injury or illness from ever occurring


primary service area (PSA)

the designated area in which the EMS agency is responsible for provision of pre-hospital emergency care and transportation to the hospital


Public Health

focus on examining the health needs of entire populations with the goal of preventing health problems


Public Safety access point

a call center, Steph by training Personnel who are responsible for managing requests for police, fire and ambulance services


quality control

the responsibility of the medical director to ensure the appropriate Medical Care standards are met by EMTs on each call.


secondary prevention

efforts to limit the effects of an injury or illness that you cannot completely prevent


medical director

The Physician who authorizes delegates to the EMT the authority to provide medical care in the field