Medical, Legal, And Ethical Issues Flashcards Preview

EMT- Definitions Knowlege Database > Medical, Legal, And Ethical Issues > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical, Legal, And Ethical Issues Deck (56):
1

abandonment

unilateral termination of Care by the EMT without the patient's consent and without making Provisions for transferring care to another Medical Professional with the skills and training necessary to meet the needs of the patient

2

advance directive

written documentation that specifies medical treatment for competent patient should be patient, and able to make decisions; also called a living will or Health Care directive

3

applied ethics

the manner in which principles of Ethics are incorporated into professional conduct

4

assault

unlawfully placing a patient in fear of bodily harm

5

battery

unlawfully touching a patient or providing Emergency Care without consent

6

bioethics

the study of Ethics related issues that arise in healthcare

7

breach of confidentiality

disclosure of information without proper authorization

8

certification

a process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting criteria predetermined standard to provide safe and ethical patient care

9

compensatory damages

damages awarded in a civil lawsuit that are intended to restore the plaintiff to the same condition that he or she was in prior to the incident

10

competent

able to make rational decisions about personal well-being

11

consent

permission to render care

12

contributory negligence

a legal defense that may be raised when the defendant feels that the conduct of the plaintiff somehow contributed to any injuries or damages that were sustained by the plaintiff

13

credentialing

an established process to determine the qualifications necessary to be allowed to practice a particular profession, or to function as an organization

14

decision-making capacity

ability to understand and process information and make a choice regarding appropriate Medical Care

15

defamation

the communication of false information about a person that is damaging to that person's reputation or standing in the community

16

dependent lividity

blood settling to the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin; a definite of sign of death

17

depositions

oral questions asked of parties and witness under oath

18

discovery

the phase of a civil lawsuit where the plaintiff and defense obtain information from each other that will enable the attorneys to have a better understanding of the case and which will assist in negotiating a possible settlement or in preparing for trial. Discovery includes depositions, interrogatories, and demands for production of Records

19

do not resuscitate(DNR) orders

written documentation by physical given permission to medical personnel not to attempt resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest

20

durable power of attorney for health care

a type of advance directive executed by a competent adult that appoints another individual to make medical treatment decisions on his or her behalf, in the event that the person making the appointment loses decision-making capacity.

21

duty to act

a medical legal term relating to certain Personnel who either by Statute or by function have a responsibility to provide care

22

emancipated minors

a person who is under the legal age in a given state but, because of other circumstances, is legally considered an adult

23

emergency

a serious situation, such as injury or illness that threatens the life or welfare of a person or group of people and requires immediate intervention

24

emergency Doctrine

the principle of law that permits a healthcare provider to treat a patient in an emergency situation when the patient is incapable of granting consent because of an altered level of Consciousness, disability, the effect of drugs or alcohol, or the patient's age

25

emergency medical care

immediate care or treatment

26

ethics

the philosophy of right and wrong, of moral duties, and ideal professional Behavior

27

expressed consent

a type of consent in which a patient gives verbal or non-verbal authorization for provision of care or transportation

28

false imprisonment

the confinement of a person without legal Authority or the person's consent

29

forcible restraint

the act of physically preventing an individual from initially any physical action

30

Good Samaritan law

statutory Provisions enacted by many states to protect citizens from liability for errors and omissions in give them good faith emergency medical care, unless there is wanton, gross, or willful negligence

31

governmental immunity

legal doctrine that can protect an EMS Provider from being sued or which may limit the amount of the monetary judgment that the plaintiff May recover; generally applies only to EMS systems that are operated by municipalities or other governmental entities

32

gross negligence

conduct that constitutes a wilful or Reckless disregard for a Duty or standard of care

33

Health Care directive

a written document that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient, should he or she become unable to make decisions. Also known as advance directive or a living will.

34

Health Care proxies

a type of advance directive executed by competent adult that appoints another individual to make medical treatment decisions on his or her behalf in the event of that person making the appointment who's the decision-making capacity. also known as durable power of attorney for health care

35

implied consent

type of consent in which a patient who is unable to give consent is given treatment under the legal assumption that he or she would want treatment

36

informed consent

permission for treatment given by competent patient after potential risk, benefits, and alternatives to treatment have been explained

37

in loco parentis

refers to the legal responsibilities of a person organizations to take on some of the functions and responsibilities of a parent

38

interrogatories

written questions that the defense and plaintiff send to one another

39

kidnapping

the seizing, confining, abducting, or carrying away of a person by force, including Transportation a competent adult for medical treatment without his or her consent

40

libel

false and damaging information about a person that is communicating in writing

41

licensure

the process whereby a competent Authority, usually the state, I lost you put a perform a regulated Act.

42

medicolegal

a term relating to Medical jurisprudence (law) or forensic medicine

43

morality

a code of conduct that can be defined by Society, religion, or a person, affecting character, Conduct, and consciousness.

44

negligence

failure to provide the same care that a person with similar trainings would provide

45

negligence per se

a theory that may be used when that conduct of the person being sued is alleged to have occurred in clear violation of statute

46

patient autonomy

protected health information (PHI) any information about health status, provisions of healthcare, or payment for healthcare that can be linked to an individual. This is interpretive rather broadly and includes any part of the patient's medical record or payment history

47

proximate causation

when a person who has a duty abuses it, and causes harm to another individual, the EMT, the agency, and or the medical director may be sued for negligence

48

punitive damages

damages that are sometimes awarded in a civil lawsuit when the conduct of the defendant was intentionally or constituted a reckless disregard for the safety of the public

49

putrefaction

decomposition of body tissue; a definite sign of death

50

res ipsa loquitur

when the EMT or an EMS system is held liable even when the plaintiff was unable to clearly demonstrate how an injured occurred

51

rigor mortis

stiffening of the body muscles; a definite sign of death

52

scope of practice

most commonly defined by state law; outlines the care that the EMT is able to provide for the patient

53

slander

false and damaging information about a person that is communicating by the spoken word

54

standard of care

written, accepted levels of Emergency Care expected by reason of training and profession; written by legal or professional organizations so that patients are not exposed to unreasonable risk or harm

55

statute of limitations

the time within which a case must be commenced

56

tort

a wrongful act that gives rise to a civil lawsuit