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Flashcards in Endangered species Deck (56):
1

Why were crocodiles exploited?

Leather, steaks

2

When did exploitation of crocodiles start?

Around 1800's

3

When did the demand for crocodiles drop?

1820s

4

Why did the demand for crocodile boots drop?

Not durable or water proof

5

Why did demand for crocodile increase in 1960's?

Block of cow hide to southern states

6

Who banned the international trade of crocodiles?

CITE

7

When was the international trade of crocodiles banned?

1975

8

What do the national programmes of crocodile trade allow?

Managed harvest - how many killed and where from

9

Where are national programmes based on crocodiles less successful?

Developing countries

10

Why are programmes less successful in developing countries?

Don't have the funds to monitor

11

Which gender of crocodiles is killed most?

Males

12

What has to happen to crocodiles which are killed?

Tagged

13

Why are killed crocodiles tagged?

Stop illegal trade

14

Why have discussions about trade been successful?

No emotional context to harvesting so they can have an objective discussion

15

What are whales killed for?

Ambergris (perfumes), livers for vitamins, organs for fertilisers, baleen for brushes, bone for corsets, oil (fuel, soap, paint), meat

16

What are the 2 sides of the whaling industry argument?

Japan, Iceland Norway VS Sea shepherd and green peace

17

What was the International Whaling Commission set up for?

To provide for proper conservation of stocks thus making possible the orderly development of the whaling industry

18

What was initiated in 1986 about whaling?

Zero catch limits BUT with catch limits for aboriginal subsistence's and with special permits

19

How many countries are anti-whaling?

8

20

How many anti-whaling countries are land locked?

6

21

Which countries refuse to recognise the IWC?

Iceland and Norway

22

What does IWC stand for?

International Whaling Commission

23

What did Peter Scott describe the IWC as?

Butchers club

24

Where is aboriginal subsistence whaling allowed?

Denmark, Russia, St Vincent, Grenadines, USA

25

Who is responsible for the aboriginal subsistence whaling?

Governments

26

Which countries have scientific permits for whaling?

Japan and Iceland

27

Which country whales the most?

Norway

28

What species of whale does Japan kill more of?

Minke whales

29

What do pro-whaling nations accuse the IWC of basing their decisions on?

Political and emotional factors

30

How many species of whale are critically endangered?

2

31

How many species of whale are endangered?

7

32

How many species of whale are vulnerable?

6

33

How many species of whale are near threatened?

5

34

How many species of whale are least concern?

22

35

Which country were massive whalers in 1940's?

Soviet Union

36

Who made the records of the soviet union whaling industry public?

Yulia Ivashchenko

37

How many sperm whales were killed a day by the soviet union?

200

38

How many humpback whales were killed a day by the soviet union?

100

39

How many blue whales were killed a day by the soviet union?

30

40

What is wastage of whales?

In busy periods, whales would rot. Caught too many

41

How long does it take for a whole whale to be separated?

30 minutes

42

What are turtles exploited for?

Shell, meat, soup, riding

43

Where can you legally hunt and kill turtles?

Caribbean, Cayman islands, Cacaos, Nicaragua

44

In how many countries across the world can you legally hunt turtles?

42

45

How many turtles are killed a year?

42,000

46

How many green turtles are left in the caribbean?

300,000

47

How many hawksbills are left in the Caribbean?

30,000

48

What kind of breeders are turtles?

r

49

How many cods have been landed in 2009?

9,000

50

What is cod considered as by the IUCN?

Vulnerable

51

What is blue fin tuna considered as by the IUCN ?

Endangered

52

What is the global decline of blue tin tuna?

51%

53

What are basking sharks considered as by IUCN?

Vulnerable

54

What are basking sharks hunted for?

Oil from livers, fins

55

Which population of basking sharks is possibly extinct?

Canadian pacific

56

How can large scale exploitation be manageable?

Need to be objective and motivate in the right way