Endocarditis, Prosthetic Valves, Aort Flashcards Preview

Adult Echocardiography > Endocarditis, Prosthetic Valves, Aort > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocarditis, Prosthetic Valves, Aort Deck (46):
0

Pts w a aortic coArctation commonly have a blood pressure in the legs?

Lower than the right arm

1

MR seen on m-mode is indicative of what type of murmur?

Apical holosystolic

2

All of the following are different types of endocarditis except?

Dressler

3

An m-mode of a mitral heterograft valve resembles an m-mode of which valve?

Aortic.

4

High frequency systolic vibrations on the aortic valve m-mode is consistent w?

Normal findings

5

High risk patients for infective endocarditis include those w?

Intravenous drug abuse

6

Low risk pts for infective endocarditis include those w?

Coronary artery disease

7

If a pt has a star Edwards valve in both the mitral and aortic positions mitral regurg might be best detected from which window ?

Subcostal

8

Coarctation of the aorta is associated w?

Bicuspid aortic valve

9

When using m-mode to interrogate a starr Edwards mitral valve which window would you use?

Apical

10

Which is an example of a mechanical cardiac valve?

St Jude bi-leaflet

11

When red blood cells become damaged as they pass through a mechanical prosthetic valve the pt is said to have?

Hemolysis, which is the destruction of red blood cells leading to the release of hemoglobin

12

Echo findings in endocarditis include?

Shaggy appearance on m-mode, of vegetation

13

Patients w Marfan syndrome will exhibit all of the following except?

LVH, is not commonly seen

14

Low risk patients for infective endocarditis include all the following except ?

Prosthetic mitral valve, you are at a high risk w this

15

In order to be seen by 2d echo, vegetations need to be how big?

2-3 mm

16

All of the following are etiologies for valvular endocarditis except?

Pulmonary HTN

17

The degree of prosthetic valve stenosis depends on all of the following except?

Presence of regurg

18

Patients w lupus will sometimes get what type of endocarditis?

Libman-Sachs

19

All of the following are examples of bioprosthetic cardiac valves Except:?

Star-Edwards ball valve

20

Echo findings in endocarditis often include all of the following Except:?

Eisenmeger syndrome has nothing to do with endocarditis.

21

Which is an example of a bioprosthetic cardiac valve?

Ionescu-shiley bovine valve

22

Which type of valve is a St. Jude?

Bi-disk

23

All of the following are increased risk factors for valvular endocarditis Except:?

Carotid artery stenosis

24

All of the following increase the risk for endocarditis Except:?

Coronary artery disease

25

Patients with endocarditis may present the following symptoms except:?

Angina

26

When using Doppler to interrogate a Starr-Edwards mitral valve, which window would you use?

Apical

27

You are in the ER, a patient had signs & symptoms of aortic dissection. Which modality give you rapid diagnosis?

TEE

28

High frequency systolic vibrations on the aortic valve M-mode is consistent with:?

Normal findings.

29

Which of the following is a known complication of a bioprosthetic heart valve?

Pannus formation

30

All of the following will cause aortic dilatation Except:?

Pulmonary hypertension

31

When red blood cells become damaged as they pass thru a mechanical valv, the PT is said to have:?

Hemolysis

32

A PT presents a 10 yr old ball-gage prosthetic valve in the mitral position with a new perivalvular leak. What might be a cause of this leak

Ring abscess

33

Patients with lupus will sometimes get what type of endocarditis?

Libman-Sachs

34

All of the following will cause aortic dilatation Except:?

Pulmonary hypertension

35

Which is an example of a mechanical valve?

St. Jude

36

The majority of organisms attach to the ___ side of the atrioventricular valves.

Atrial

37

What is a common symptom of a PT with endocarditis?

Fever

38

All of the following are examples of mechanical valves Except:?

Hancock

39

Prosthetic valves are classified as:

Mechanical & bioprosthetic

40

If a PT has a porcine MV, all of the following should be R/O during echo Except:?

Carcinoid heart disease

41

Coarctation of the aorta most often occurs at the:?

Aortic isthmus

42

In endocarditis the veg usually attach on:?

Flow side of valve

43

A vegetation on a valve, need to be how big?

3mm

44

If the PT pulmonic valve, annulus and trunk are excised and relocated to the aortic position, what type of valve do they have?

Autograft

45

All of the following are different types of endocarditis Except:?

Dresslers