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Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (31):
1

Pituitary

"Master gland"

2

Thyroid

Metabolism

3

Parathyroid

Calcium levels

4

Adrenal gland

Cortex and medulla

5

Adrenal Cortex

Outer

Steroids

6

Adrenal Medulla

Catecholamines

7

Gonads

Sex hormones

Tested and ovaries

8

Pancreas

Blood sugar

9

Insulin

Lowers blood glucose levels

10

Glucagon

Raises blood glucose levels

11

Insulin and glucagon

Pancreas

12

FSH and LH

Gonads

13

Epinephrine and norepinephrine

Adrenal Medulla

14

Cortisol and aldosterone

Adrenal cortex

15

PTH

Parathyroid

16

T3 and T4

Thyroid

17

ADH and Oxytocin

Hypothalamus

18

Cortisol

Stress
Increase blood sugar
Anti inflammatory

19

Aldosterone

Regulars blood volume

20

Catecholamines

Epinephrine and norepinephrine

21

FSH

Sperm and follicles

22

LH

Testes and Ovulation

23

Negative Feedback

Hypothalamus
Pituitary
Target cells

24

Proteins and polypeptides

Majority of hormones
Water soluble
Can not travel in cell
Receptor on cell
2nd messenger

25

Steroids

Lipids
Receptors inside cell
Primary messenger
Affects transcription/translation

26

Adrenal cortex and Gonads produce what

Steroids

27

Tyrosine derivatives

From tyrosine (amino acid)

28

2nd Messengers

-Hormone
-Receptor
-G Protein (GDP to GTP)
-Adenylate cyclase (ATP to cAMP)
-cAMP actives Protein

29

Primary messenger
Steroids and thyroid hormones
(Lipid based)

-Hormone crosses membrane
-Receptor
-Transcription and Translation

30

Thyroid and steroid

Lipid based
Primary Messenger

31

Hypothalamus

True master gland/Control Center