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Flashcards in Final Deck (38):
1

Function of immune system

Destroy and keep out pathogens

2

First line and second line immunity are called...

Nonspecific
Innate immunity

3

First line immunity includes

Skin
Mucous
Stomach

4

Second line immunity includes..

Inflammatory Response
Phagocytes

5

Function of phagocytes

Eat pathogens
Phagocyte- phagozome

Nonspecific

6

What does MHC do

Presents broken part (antigen) in surface

7

Neutrophils

Fast
Abundant

8

Lymphocytes

WBC

9

B lymphocytes

Produced in bone marrow

Humoral response

10

T lymphocytes

Mature in thymus

Cell mediated response

11

Proteins
Virus
Bacteria
Parasites
Fungi

Pathogens

12

Humoral response

Proteins outside cell

13

Cell mediated response

Proteins in cell

14

Acid environments promotes hemoglobin to _____ O

Release

15

CO2 and H2O mixed with carbonic anhydrase

Carbonic acid

16

Carbonic acid function

Inhibit uptake of O by hemoglobin

17

Acidity increases or decreases O released

Increase

18

Connects oral and nasal cavity

Pharynx

19

Pharynx splits into

Esophagus
Larynx

20

Pathway of air

Nasal or oral cavity
Pharynx
Larynx
Trachea
Bronchi
Bronchioles
Alveoli
Pulmonary Vein and Arteries picks up

21

Lipids broken down in..

Small intestine

22

Amylase digests what

Carbs

23

Lipase digests what

Lipids

24

Pepsin digests what

Proteins

25

Bile is created _______
And stored in ________

Liver
Gallbladder

26

Function of bile

Fat digestion

27

Function of pancreas

Secrete amylase for carbs
Lipase for fats
Trypsin and chymotrypsin for proteins

28

Protein

Amino acids

29

Carbs

Sugar

30

Nucleic acids

Nucleotide

31

Lipids

Oxygen with fatty acid tail

32

Fatty acid absorbed in

Small intestine
Lipase eat lipids
Diffuse into cell

33

Loop of henle

Ascending: Add Na to medulla via ATP
Descending: only permeable to H2O

Osmosis draws water out because Na levels to re absorb H2O

34

Glomerulus

Filter

35

Bowman a capsule

Space after glomerulus

36

PCT

Reabsorb
By pumping out Na

37

DCT

Fine tuning reabsorption

38

Collecting duct

Collects byproducts of nephrons

Go through medulla which is salty which takes more water out