Endocrinology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrinology Deck (19):
1

Sweating + (paroxysmal?) hypertension + headaches

Phaeochromocytoma

2

Tanned skin, no holiday

Addison's disease

3

Increased shoe size, spade hands, rings too small

acromegaly

4

Hyperthyroidism + eye disease + smooth skin

Grave’s disease

5

Moon face, central obesity with thin limbs, buffalo hump, abdominal striae

Cushing’s syndrome

6

Ketones on breath

DKA

7

Kaussmaul breathing

patient is trying to create a respiratory alkalosis (by blowing of CO2) to compensate for metabolic acidosis (esp. DKA)

8

“orphan annie” nuclei, psammoma bodies

papillary thyroid cancer

9

bones, stones, groans, psychic moans

hypercalcaemia

10

butterfly rash

SLE

11

heat intolerance/palpitations

hyperthyroidism

12

cold intolerance/weight gain

hypothyroidism

13

anosmia, isolated GnRH deficiency

Kallman’s syndrome

14

trousseau sign, chovstek’s sign, QT prolongation on ECG

hypocalcaemia

15

brachydactyly (short 4th and 5th metacarpals)

pseudohypoparathyroidism (if no biochemical changes = pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism)

16

which is more biologically active - T3 or T4?

T3

17

state the components of
1) T3
2) T4

1) MIT + DIT
2) DIT + DIT

18

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

BRADYCARDIC
B = bradycardic
R = reflexes relax slowly
A = ascities +/- oedema
D = dry, thin skin and hair
Y = yawning
C = cold intolerance
A = ataxia
R = round puffy face
D = depression
I = immobile/ileus
C= constipation

19

how to remember what's produced in each layer of the adrenal cortex: 'Go Find Rex; Make Good Sex'

Glomerulosa --> Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone)

Fasciculata --> Glucocorticoids (cortisol)

Reticularis --> Sex hormones (DHEA)