Ophthalmology Flashcards Preview

Y2 Buzzwords > Ophthalmology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ophthalmology Deck (25):
1

Cherry red spot at the macula

central retinal artery occlusion

2

Tear drop sign or blood level in the sinus on x-ray

orbital blowout fracture

3

Failure to abduct, nystagmus in abducting eye

internuclear ophthalmoplegia = issue with medial longitudinal fasciculus

4

Pain on eye movement

optic neuritis (usually multiple sclerosis)

5

Painful loss of vision

optic neuritis

6

Curtain coming down <5mins

amaurosis fugax

7

Curtain coming down (partial) >5mins

retinal detachment

8

Flashes and floaters

retinal detachment

9

Photophobia, posterior synechiae, cells in anterior chamber

anterior uveitis

10

Gritty feeling in the eyes

bacterial conjunctivitis or subtarsal foreign body

11

Watery discharge, pre-auricular lymph node

viral conjunctivitis

12

Silver/copper wiring

ocular hypertension/HTN eye disease

13

Loss of red reflex, eye red

haemorrhage

14

New vessels + haemorrhage

wet ARMD

15

Follicular conjunctivitis

chlamydial conjunctivitis (usually unilateral)

16

Pin point pupils

pontine issues

17

Dilated pupils

trans-calcrine fracture

18

Different sized pupils

CNIII damage (or Horner’s)

19

1) Down, out and dilated
2) Down and out not dilated

1) CNIII palsy/damage
2) diabetes

20

Roth spots (retinal haemorrhage with pale/white centre)

infective endocarditis

21

Brushfield spots

Downs syndrome

22

“scrambled egg/egg yolk” appearance of the macula

Best disease

23

Drusen

Dry ARMD

24

Rays focussed in front of retina (what lens would you use?)

myopia/short-sighted = concave lens

25

Rays focussed behind the retina (what lens would you use?)

hypermetropia/long-sighted = concave lens