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Flashcards in MSK Deck (34):
1

Pencil-in-cup X-ray appearance, sausage fingers

psoriatic arthritis

2

Wrist Drop

radial nerve palsy

3

“Dinner fork” or “Swan’s neck” deformity in wrist

Displaced Colles fracture

4

Pain/tenderness in the anatomical snuffbox

Scaphoid fracture

5

“Feels like walking on pebbles”

advanced rheumatoid arthritis in the feet - subluxation of the metatarsophalangeal joints

6

Arthritis + Uveitis + Urethritis (can’t see, can’t pee, can’t bend the knee)

Reiter’s Syndrome (Reactive Arthritis, can be post-gonorrhoea)

7

Foot drop

common fibular nerve (peroneal nerve)

8

Fracture AV necrosis

proximal scaphoid, Intracapsular femoral, femoral condyles, humeral head, capitellum and proximal talus

9

Sagging rope sign

AVN

10

Negative birefringent, needle shaped urate crystals (yellow to blue)

Gout

11

Envelope shaped/rhomboid, mildly positive birefringent Ca pyrophosphate crystals

Pseudogout

12

Positive Lachman/ anterior drawer test (tibia can be pulled forward easily on the femur when knee flexed)

ACL tear/rupture

13

Pain in internal rotation and extension of knee at 90 degree

lateral meniscal tear

14

Painful arc (pain on abducting between about 70-120 degrees)

damaged supraspinatus tendon, frozen shoulder, rotator cuff tendon impingement

15

Difficulty with external rotation

frozen shoulder

16

Dry eyes, mouth, skin, +ve Schirmer’s test

Sjogren’s Synd. (with infiltration) (often with RA)

17

Dry eyes, mouth, vagina, bronchitis

Sicca Synd. (no infiltration) (no signs of arthritis)

18

Locked knee

bucket handle meniscal tear

19

Bamboo spine on X RAY, sacroiliitis and question mark posture

Ank Spon

20

Shortened leg and externally rotated

displaced fracture neck of femur

21

Shortened leg and internally rotated

Dislocated femoral head

22

“Onion-peel” sign

Ewing’s sarcoma

23

“Sunray” spiculation

Osteosarcoma

24

“Popcorn calcification” on X Ray

chrondosarcoma

25

“Soap bubble” appearance on X Ray

Giant cell tumour (benign)

26

scalp tenderness and jaw claudication

temporal arteritis

27

Gower’s Sign Positive, calf pseudohypertrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy

28

Swollen, “woody” calves

Duchenne or Becker MD

29

“Hatchet-like” face

Myotonic Dystroph

30

Rosary Bead sign

polyarteritis nodosa

31

“light-bulb” sign on XR

posterior shoulder dislocation

32

“shepherd’s crook” deformity

fibrous dysplasia (bending of proximal femur)

33

Looser zone / milkman line on XR

pathognomic of osteomalacia
(is a thin translucent band, approximately 2mm in width, which represents a pseudo fracture or incomplete stress fracture)

34

Claw hand

ulnar nerve damage