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Flashcards in enlightenment and sci rev Deck (38):
0

scholasticism

christian theology + scientific beliefs of ancient authors

1

ptolemy

greek astronomer
geocentric
planets move backwards?

2

copernicus 1500

heliocentric
scared to share

3

brahe 1580

nothing new
astronomical tables
geocentric
mooSE !!

4

johannes kepler 1600

student of brahe
support heliocentric
eliptical orbits!!
no uniform speed
distance from sun determines speed

5

galileo 1600

improved telescope
moon = imperfect
jupiter four moons
perpetual motion
spread ideas
pope urban said no no
house arrest

6

newton 1700

gravity !!
calculus
light

7

francis bacon 1600

essays

8

empiricalism

bacon
inductive reasoning
use current info to back up research
doNT BE A THEEP

9

descartes 1630

i think therefore i am
deductive thought
rationalism
matter is particles

10

thomas hobbes 1650

dissect learn bout heart yipee
humanity is evil
need gov
grr

11

john locke 1650

le gusta personas

12

kant 1760

use reason
again, no sheepies ✋

13

volaire 1750

loved england
hated france
deist
religious tolerance
religion crushed spirit

14

deist

believe in god, but left after creation

15

montesquieu 1700

government
persian letters

16

diderot 1750

encyclopedia

17

rousseau 1750

social contract
monarch for general will
enlightened monarchs ❤️❤️

18

fredereck william

great elector
prussian
blue boys

19

king frederick i 1700

frederick iii
prussia
son of FW
prussia is kingdom

20

frederick the great 1750

enlightened monarch
prussia
freed serfs
no cap punishment
no torture

21

joseph ii 1780

son of maria theresa
austria
religious toleration for erryone !!

22

leopold ii 1790

austria
after joseph ii
fix austria after reforms

23

war of austrian succession 1740

charles vi
no heir
pragmatic sanction
maria theresa
france and prussia attacked
silesia to prussia
austria, russia, sweden, denmark, uk
prussia, france spain

24

charles vi 1730

HRE
pragmatic sanction
no heir

25

pragmatic sanction

austria
left to maria theresa

26

treaty of aix-la-chapelle 1748

habsburgs keep austria

27

result of war of austrian succession

prussia finally german state
contend with austria

28

7 years war 1756

after diplomatic revolution
prussia threatened
attacked french and austrian army
allied with uk
defeated by russians
ended when peter iii called it off
french and indian war french lose india canada

29

french and indian war 1760

during seven years war
in america
french loses canada and india to uk

30

peter the great 1700

traveled to dutch shipyards
westernize !!
forced to shave beards
salt
taxes
centuralized beauracracy st petersburg
merit not money
western military leaders
first russian navy
conscription
great northern war

31

great northern war 1721

peter the great
against swedes

32

catherine the great 1780

edit later

33

europes first consitution

poland-lithuania 1791

34

First Partition 1773

poland divided russia prussia austria

35

tories

monarch
church of england

36

whigs

religious tolerance
didnt really like monarch

37

stamp act 1765

pay for seven years and french and indian war