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Flashcards in world wars Deck (67):
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duma

parliament
russia
constitutional monarchy

1

magyarization

austria hungary
dominance in hungary

magyar language and culture

2

dual alliance

prussia and austria
bismarck

3

reinsurance treaty

prussia y russia
placate russia

5

kaiser william II

prussia
bye bye bismarck
didnt renew reassurance treaty

6

entente cordiale

gb and france
wwi

7

Entente powers

Britain France Russia

8

Franz Ferdinand

archduke of austia
assassinated by bosnian serb
basically catalyst for wwi

9

black hand

wwi
assassinated franz
gavrilo pricip
serbian terrorists with connections to gov
austria → ultimatum → war !!!

10

wwi start

1914

11

wwi alliances

russia,serbs,france,gb
germany,austria,turkey

12

why did wwi last so long??

new technology !!
mostly defensive
trenches !!
machine guns, barbed wire, planes !!
poison gas c;

13

first battle of marne

french victory against germans
in france

14

central powers

germany,austria-hungary,turkey
wwi

15

entente powers

wwi
russia,serbia,france,gb,usa

16

zimmermann telegram

germany to mexico
join us mexico !! we have chalupas!! and also us territory but whatevs

intercepted by gb and decoded
angry US ! grrrr

17

lusitania

german submarines sank ship in british waters
many americans on board
US ENTERS WARRRRR

18

Fourteen Points

woodrow willson
wwi
idealistic document
free trade, end to secret deals
reduce tention

19

wwi end

1918

20

treaty of versailles

wwi
meanie germany → not really uvu
league of nations
punish !! punish !! punish !!
pay da cash monayy
alsace-lorraine → france
french troop in west bank of rhine and right bank
demilatarized → 100,000 soldiers, no weapons, no airforce

21

march revolutions

russia
petrograd collapsed → mo food omjeethus
troops called → sided with strikers
tzar abdicated
provisional gov → duma

22

bolsheviks

followers of lenin
workers would rise to power
commies
extremists
turned into 'communits'

23

mensheviks

marx
followed steps of marx
commies

24

trotsky

military
bolsheviks

25

lucarno agreement

germany and france
accept borders

26

white forces

russia
anti-commie
monarchists
rebublicans
us and gb support

27

red terror

lenin and trotsky
against opponents

28

New Economic policy [nep]

russia
basically complete gov control over economy and industry , but allowed some private industry
lenin

29

war communism

total gov control over economy
a trotsky le gusta

30

left opposition

spread communism to industrialized west

31

right opposition

continue nep
build comm within ussr

32

stalin

took power by forcing confessions out of opponents
hated 'old bolsheviks'
executed millions
assassinated trotsky
left opposition
five year plan
collective farming → kill anyone who refused

33

kulaks

wealthy peasants

34

Great depression?

wwi devastated economy
gb → econ stagnation
erryone dependent on us bank lones
stock market crash destroyed everyone

35

vienna bank collapse

biggest bank
citizens lost trust → withdrew savings → no $ for other depositors → no loans → store $ → ↓industrial goods → ↓available jobs → no $ to spend → bye bye economy

36

fascism

destroy indivitual → common good
state not people
extreme nationalism
hate women,hate modern art, hate jews

37

corporatism

association of workers/owners that would solve problems themselves

mussolini

38

why fascist italy??

worker revolts → Bolsheviks??
owners threatened → turn against democracy

39

black shirts

mussolini
fascists
rightist organization
support of factory/landowners → $

40

lateran pact

mussolini
with cath church
papacy officially recognized italy as country

41

Wiemar republic

hindenburg
germany
inflation
weak

42

beer hall putsch

hitler
arrested
attention for him
mein kampf → outlined his views

43

burning of reichstag

nazis blamed commies
hitler → emergency powers
revoke human rights
total control

44

enabling act

official complete authority
cause why not?
writing it on paper is rad

45

Night of long knives

murdered his own allies
sa→ nazi political army
gained german army loyalty

46

spanish civil war [yes this is a thing]

parliamentary democracy
failed to divide land to peasants
francisco franco
nationalists → german italian support
unstable gov
guernica bombed by italty germany → civilians
Pablo picasso !!!!
france and gb refused to help republicans

47

schlieffen plan

wwi
knock out france [russian ally] first

48

road to wwii

treaty of versailles
took austria
took Czechoslovakia
took poland

49

appeasment

wwii
gb to germany
recognized ethiopia as italy
neutral when g annexed austria
gave czechs to germany
german ignored and still killed everyone
chamberlain

50

munich agreement

wwii
gb,germany,italy,france
decide czech future
didnt invite czechs
gave part to hitler
hitler would leave rest alone
he didnt of course

51

nonagression pact

hitler and stalin buddies
gb and france meanies
hitler ignored of course
soviets regained poland finland balkans

52

wwii start

1939
g attack on poland

53

wwii finish

1945

54

phony war

british and french on defensive
nothing really happened for a year
ended when g attacked norway and denmark

55

maquis

french resistance wwii
fought against germans and vichy [petain]

56

winston churchill

gb pm
wwii
continue the war to the end

57

battle of britain

wwii
german planes
radarrrrr !! icu
gb cracked german code
stopped attacking mitlitary → attacked cities
gb army recover
hitler retreated

58

luftwaffe

german air force

59

royal air force

raf
gb planes

60

nuremburg laws

jews lost citizenship
wear yellow star

61

kristallnacht

night of broken glass
jewish stores and homes destroyed

62

operation barbarossa

german attack on ussr
soviets completely unprepared

63

axis powers

germany japan italy(?)
wwii

64

allies

wwii
gb us ussr

65

d-day invasion

1944
Normandy

66

nuremburg trial

crimes against humanity
no one to persecute
all killed themselves

67

zero hour

darkest point in german history
after wwii
no economy