Flashcards in Environmental Vs. Economic Sustainability Deck (12)
What are 6 economic aims that can cause environmental damage?
1) Environmental harvests (logging)
2) Mass-scale agricultural produce
3) Housing demands
4) Factory emissions
5) Nuclear Power
How do environmental harvests such as logging reduce environmental sustainabilty?
Logging leads to deforestation:
1) Loss of habitats
2) Reduced size of carbon sink
How does mass produce in the agriculture sector lead to reduced environmental sustainability?
One type of crop in one field leads to:
1) Destruction of previous types of plant
2) Leads to lack of environmental diversity in fields that can have an impact upon habitats and ecosystems
How does increased population and demands for housing lead to reduced environmental sustainability?
Increased housing leads to deforestation:
1) Loss of habitats and ecosystems
2) Reduced size of Carbon sink
How do factories lead to the lack of environmental sustainability?
Leads to deforestation:
1) Loss of habitats
2) Reduced carbon sink
Factories also produce a lot of pollution from burning fossil fuels that adds to global warming
How does nuclear energy production reduce environmental sustainability?
The waste that it produces needs to be buried which can damage soil and therefore natural habitats. It can also cause defects in plant growth
How does HEP reduce environmental sustainability?
They require a lot of space:
2) damage to habitats
3) Altering of hydrological systems that can affect erosion rates and therefore backfire to damage areas of economic value
How does fracking lead to the reduction of environmental sustainability?
2) Water contamination - health problems and natural habitats
How does global trade lead to the reduction of environmental sustainability?
Aeroplanes and cars use fuel that leads to climate change. Airports can also lead to deforestation
What is an example of airports leading to deforestation?
Heathrow's third runway
What is an example of HEP power generation that has caused environmental damage?
Three gorges dam in China