Epidemiology Flashcards Preview

Public Health > Epidemiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Epidemiology Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is epidemiology?

The study of how often disease occur in different groups of people and why.

2

What is incidence?

Number of new cases of disease occurring in a population

3

What is prevelence?

The number of cases of a disease present in a population at a specific point in time

4

What is an endemic?

Always present in a population

5

What is an epidemic?

Widespreas occurence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time

6

What is a pandemic?

An epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region

7

What is morbidity?

Illness- rate of illness

8

What is mortality>

Rate of death ie proportion of those who develop a disease and die from it

9

What is zoonosis?

A disease, primarily of animals, that is occasionally transmitted to humans

10

What is a resevoir?

source of viable infectious agents from which individuals may be infected

11

What is a vector?

Agent able to carry pathogens from one host to another

12

What is a vehicle?

Non living source of pathogens eg food, water