Flashcards in Epidemiology Deck (12)
What is epidemiology?
The study of how often disease occur in different groups of people and why.
What is incidence?
Number of new cases of disease occurring in a population
What is prevelence?
The number of cases of a disease present in a population at a specific point in time
What is an endemic?
Always present in a population
What is an epidemic?
Widespreas occurence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time
What is a pandemic?
An epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region
What is morbidity?
Illness- rate of illness
What is mortality>
Rate of death ie proportion of those who develop a disease and die from it
What is zoonosis?
A disease, primarily of animals, that is occasionally transmitted to humans
What is a resevoir?
source of viable infectious agents from which individuals may be infected
What is a vector?
Agent able to carry pathogens from one host to another