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Dermatology > Epidemiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Epidemiology Deck (12):
1

What percentage of the population have a skin condition

Around 25%

2

What percentage of GP appointments is skin related

20% roughly

3

What are some causes of skin conditions

Irritants
Allergy
Environment - weather, occupation, temperature
Genetics
Internal disease
Drugs

4

What are some common consequences of skin conditions

Itch
Pain
Disfigurement - scarring etc
Loss of work
Unhappiness - leading to depression etc.

5

Name 4 common skin conditions

Eczema (dermatitis)
Psoriasis
Acne
Infections

6

What is the definition of prevalence

The total number of cases within the population at any one time

7

what is the definition of incidence

The number of new cases of a disease defined as the % of the population who develop it over a set period of time

8

Which skin conditions are becoming more common in the UK

Skin cancer - ageing population, sun exposure
Venous leg ulcers - people live longer with associated diseases
Atopic dermatitis

9

What is the definition of disease

A pathological condition of the body
Measurable and quantified
The effects on the body

10

What is the definition of illness

The experience of discomfort and suffering
Subjective - depends on the individual
Hard to quantify

11

What is stigma

An extreme form of labelling
Attach an often negative opinion to a object/appearance etc
Common in skin conditions as they are very visual and people often think you can catch them etc
Leads to social isolation, unhappiness

12

What is Gestalt Psychology

The human eye sees objects as a whole before viewing the individual parts
Natural response
This can cause us to stereotype and assume