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World History Unit 6 > Epilogue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Epilogue Deck (31):
1

Television, radio, movies, music, and popular press

Mass media

2

Scientific research performed on biological substances in order to find new uses for such substances

Biotechnology

3

The changing of genes to create new types of living organism

Genetic engineering

4

Problems caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases
AKA global warming

Greenhouse effect

5

Chemicals used in air conditioners and other projects

CFC’s (chlorofluorocarbons)

6

Creating economic growth while preserving the environment

Sustainable development

7

When there is too many people for the natural resources of an area to support

Overpopulation

8

The number of children born per 1,000 people

Birth rates

9

Attempt to increase food resources worldwide, involving the use of fertilizers and pesticides and the development of disease resistant crops

Green revolution

10

Countries not fully industrialized

Less-developed countries (LDCs)

11

Pay for the construction of industries and infrastructure, such as roads and bridges

Investment capital

12

Multinational organization that provides loans for large-scale development projects

World Bank

13

Multinational organization that offers emergency loans to countries in financial crisis

International Monetary Fund

14

Small-scale community-based projects to help poor people lift themselves from poverty

Grassroots development

15

The standard weapons of war, such as tanks, planes, artillery, and rifles

Conventional weapons

16

The use of violence against people or property to force changes in societies or governments

Terrorism

17

Weapons that have the potential to kill or injure large numbers of people

Weapons of mass destruction

18

The spread of nuclear weapons

Proliferation

19

Biological weapons

Bioweapons

20

Adopted by UN in 1948, defines human rights goals for the world community

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

21

Systematic killing of a entire people

Genocide

22

Describe two ways in which the revolution in electronics has changed the world.

Computers can make billions of computations a second, which in turn means that they can be used for things such as space travel, traffic control, or keeping business' financial records. People communicate quicker using cell phones, fax machines, and internet.

23

Name two ways in which technology can improve health care.

They have developed machines such as the MRI to help diagnose diseases sooner and with more accuracy. Genetic engineering can be used to create new genes for illnesses, diseases, and other serious health related issues.

24

Discuss three effects of air pollution on the environment.

Air pollution, especially CFCs, is gradually destroying the ozone layer of the atmosphere. The Greenhouse Effect says that the earth is heating up due to gases being trapped in the atmosphere. Finally, air pollution can cause harmful diseases in humans and animals.

25

How do rain forests benefit the environment?

Rain forests are home to half of the world's species of plants and animals. They also help maintain water, recycle rainfall and oxygen into the atmosphere, and protect the soil.

26

Name two factors that have contributed to famine in Africa.

weather, human actions, or civil war

27

What are the IMF and the World Bank?

They are both international aid programs. The World Bank provides loans for large scale projects. The IMF offered emergency loans for countries in financial projects.

28

What is microcredit?

Microcredit is lending programs that give small loans to people. These programs give small loans, less than $100, to people as seed money to start small businesses and escape poverty.

29

What are the three major provisions of the NPT?
ON THE TEST

The three major provisions are that nations with nuclear weapons pledged not to help nations acquire more nuclear weapons. The second one was that nations without nuclear weapons were prohibited from making or receiving nuclear weapons. The third provision is that the nonnuclear nations promised to allow inspectors to make certain that these nations were not obtaining nuclear weapons.

30

What makes terrorism frightening to so many people?

Terrorism is so frightening because the weapons of mass destruction that they use poses a threat to international security. Also, modern transportation allows terrorists to cross borders, commit terrorism acts, and escape to friendly nations with ease.

31

How has the UN attempted to protect the rights of children?

They adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child, set up world summit for children in 1990