Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (36):
Brazil’s capital, named by Kubitschek’s
Breaking up large estates and opposed that land to peasants
Quality of life, which is judged by the amount of goods people have
Standard of living
Slowdown in the economy
Institutional Revolutionary Party (in Mexico)
System where power is shared between state governments and a central authority like the US
Temporary military rule
Opponents of government policy
Complete separation of the races
African National Congress (ANC) leader
Nelson Mandela ✅
The ruling committee of the communist party
Youngest Soviet leader since Stalin
Mikhail Gorbachev ✅
Polish labor union that during the 1980s became the main force of opposition to communist rule in Poland
Union leader, became national hero
Lech Walesa ✅
The merging of the two Germany’s
Member of parliament and former mayor of Moscow
Commonwealth of Independent States
Plan: Abrupt shift to free-market economies
Policy that was intended to rid Bosnia of its Muslim population
1970s Chinese leader, tried to restrain radicals during cultural revolution
1980 man who emerged as the most powerful leader in China
Called for progress in agriculture, industry, defense, and science and technology
Huge public space in the heart of Beijing
Thriving business center and British colony on the southeastern coast of China
Name four common democratic practices.
Free elections, citizen participation, Majority rule and minority rights, and constitutional government
What group held up democratic progress in both Brazil and Argentina until the 1980s?
What brought about the civil war in Nigeria?
Fighting between Ethnic groups
Name three significant steps towards democracy taken by South Africa in the 1990s.
-repealing apartheid laws
-first universal elections
What were the main reforms promoted by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev?
Glasnost which was a policy known as openness, perestroika which was an idea of economic restructuring, and democratization allowed for free elections
Which Eastern European nations overthrew Communist governments in 1989?
Poland, Hungary and East Germany
What was the August Coup and how did it end?
Sent tanks and soldiers to go against the parliament. In the end army refused to attack the parliament and Gorbachev returned to Moscow.
What led to the breakup of Yugoslavia?
Rivalries among nationalities.
What changes took place in China during the 1970s?
China opens its door between them and US. Ping reforms economy in free market system