Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

World History Unit 6 > Chapter 19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (36):
1

Brazil’s capital, named by Kubitschek’s

Brasília

2

Breaking up large estates and opposed that land to peasants

Land reform

3

Quality of life, which is judged by the amount of goods people have

Standard of living

4

Slowdown in the economy

Recession

5

Institutional Revolutionary Party (in Mexico)

PRI

6

System where power is shared between state governments and a central authority like the US

Federal system

7

Temporary military rule

Martial law

8

Opponents of government policy

Dissidents

9

Complete separation of the races

Apartheid

10

African National Congress (ANC) leader

Nelson Mandela ✅

11

The ruling committee of the communist party

Politburo

12

Youngest Soviet leader since Stalin

Mikhail Gorbachev ✅

13

Openness

Glasnost

14

Economic restructuring

Perestroika

15

Polish labor union that during the 1980s became the main force of opposition to communist rule in Poland

Solidarity ✅

16

Union leader, became national hero

Lech Walesa ✅

17

The merging of the two Germany’s

Reunification

18

Member of parliament and former mayor of Moscow

Boris Yeltsin

19

Commonwealth of Independent States

CIS

20

Plan: Abrupt shift to free-market economies

Shock therapy

21

Policy that was intended to rid Bosnia of its Muslim population

Ethnic Cleansing

22

1970s Chinese leader, tried to restrain radicals during cultural revolution

Zhou Enlai

23

1980 man who emerged as the most powerful leader in China

Deng Xiaoping

24

Called for progress in agriculture, industry, defense, and science and technology

Four Modernizations

25

Huge public space in the heart of Beijing

Tiananmen Square

26

Thriving business center and British colony on the southeastern coast of China

Hong Kong

27

Name four common democratic practices.

Free elections, citizen participation, Majority rule and minority rights, and constitutional government

28

What group held up democratic progress in both Brazil and Argentina until the 1980s?

Military dictators

29

What brought about the civil war in Nigeria?

Fighting between Ethnic groups

30

Name three significant steps towards democracy taken by South Africa in the 1990s.

-Electing presidents
-repealing apartheid laws
-first universal elections

31

What were the main reforms promoted by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev?

Glasnost which was a policy known as openness, perestroika which was an idea of economic restructuring, and democratization allowed for free elections

32

Which Eastern European nations overthrew Communist governments in 1989?

Poland, Hungary and East Germany

33

What was the August Coup and how did it end?

Sent tanks and soldiers to go against the parliament. In the end army refused to attack the parliament and Gorbachev returned to Moscow.

34

What led to the breakup of Yugoslavia?

Rivalries among nationalities.

35

What changes took place in China during the 1970s?

China opens its door between them and US. Ping reforms economy in free market system

36

How did the Chinese government react to demands for democratic reform?

Army attacked protestors