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Flashcards in Epistemology Deck (7)
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Berkeley: Role for God

God is omnipresent

To be is to be perceived

God is everywhere, therefore, he is always perceiving.

Things cannot fall out of existence if they are not being presently perceived by someone because God is always there.


Hume: Relations of Ideas

Truths based on mathematical equations and logic

Not present in nature

The comparison/relationship of two "ideas"



Hume: Matters of Fact

Type of reason

Cause of effect relationship

Impressions & Ideas

Impressions: Come from senses - what we perceive in that moment (the flower smells nice). Requires experience for us to know

Ideas: Ideas are recollections of impressions. From the judgements we make from impressions, we form ideas.

Therefore, ideas are weaker than impressions.


Hume: Process by which beliefs are formed

All "customs" make up beliefs in matters of fact

Beliefs are formed from "customs"

"Customs" are made up of observed and accepted cause/effect relationships (since it rained today, the grass will grow)

From the observed and accepted "custom" (the grass grows after rainfall), the mind creates "habits" (since the grass grows after it rains, the grass will continue to grow after each rainfall)

Mind habitually creates these customs, which leads to habits.

So our mind automatically groups our ideas and impressions together - which form customs

We then habitually create habits from customs

Which then form "beliefs"


Hume: 3 Principles of Connextion

Resemblance: alike in appearance
Causation: identify a source
Contiguity: least amount of distance


Kant: Transcendental Idealism

Mind imposes interpretative categories on our experiences

We don't experience reality directly, our mind experiences it; and makes sense of it for us

Object causes the kind to interpret the object


Kant: Copernican Revolution

Objects orientate around the mind

Objects conform to our knowledge

Our kind then places judgement or interpretation of these objects that are presenting themselves to us.