Intro to Philosophy Flashcards Preview

Philosophy Final Exam > Intro to Philosophy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to Philosophy Deck (4)
Loading flashcards...
1

Nature of Socrates' greater wisdom

- Socrates understands that he is wise because he does not claim to know everything
- Others who claim to know everything are foolish
- Ignorance = evil
- Wisdom = good

Therefore, people do not intentionally do evil deeds, it's merely out of ignorance.

2

Locke's "love of truth for truth's sake"

Reason cannot go beyond what the proofs provide

God would never make us understand anything that goes against the natural light of reason

To believe no more than what the proofs warrant

3

Descartes' rational method

After beginning as a skeptic - after doubting everything - through reason he discovered an absolute truth he was certain of

I think therefore I am - "Cogito ergo sum"

Rationalist

4

Locke's definition of Probability

Through adductive reasoning, come to a disagreement/ agreement between two contrasting ideas

Without direct experience

Lacking a constant connection

Mind induces judgement (true or false)